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Our Daily Bread: Daniel Bible Study Chapters 1-7... Notes and Scripture Work...

Daniel Chapter 1: Daniel and His Companions Obey YHWH (God):

1:1: The third year in the rule of Jehoiakim puts this book at 606 BC…

The Third Year: שָׁלוֹשׁ shâlôwsh, shaw-loshe'; or שָׁלֹשׁ shâlôsh; masculine שְׁלוֹשָׁה shᵉlôwshâh; or שְׁלֹשָׁה shᵉlôshâh; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiple) thrice:—+ fork, + often(-times), third, thir(-teen, -teenth), three, + thrice. Compare H7991.שָׁנֶה shâneh, shaw-neh'; (in plural or (feminine) שָׁנָה shânâh; from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time):— whole age, × long, old, year(× -ly).

Jehoiakim: יְהוֹיָקִים Yᵉhôwyâqîym, yeh-ho-yaw-keem'; from H3068 abbreviated and H6965; Jehovah will raise; Jehojakim, a Jewish king:—Jehoiakim. Compare H3113.

1:4: The Gentiles in Daniel’s time taught the Jews their Babylonian language and literature that they might serve Nebuchadnezzar…

1:8: The Church takes note that the Hebrew youths were blessed by God through holy fasting...During Great Lent we sing, “what quenched the fire (see Daniel 3:21-27)? What stopped the mouths of the wild beasts (see Daniel 6:16-23)? It was fasting that delivered the children from the furnace and Daniel the prophet from the jaws of the lions...Brethren, let us also fast like them…”

God: אֱלֹהִים ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.

1:21: King Cyrus’s first year of reigning over the Persians is 538 BC…

Daniel Chapter 2: King Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream:

2:1: Second year: 604 BC...Nebuchadnezzar’s dreams could not be told or interpreted by the Chaldean sorcerers, just as man’s wisdom can neither tell nor interpret the mystery of his own existence…

Magicians: חַרְטֹם charṭôm, khar-tome'; (Aramaic) the same as H2748:—magician.

Sorcerers: כָּשַׁף kâshaph, kaw-shaf'; a primitive root; properly, to whisper a spell, i.e. to inchant or practise magic:—sorcerer, (use) witch(-craft).

Chaldeans: כַּשְׂדִּי Kasdîy, kas-dee'; (occasionally with enclitic) כַּשְׂדִּימָה Kasdîymâh; towards the Kasdites into Chaldea), patronymically from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication, a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people:—Chaldeans, Chaldees, inhabitants of Chaldea).

2:25-28: Daniel, who both tells and interprets the dream, is a figure of Christ, who alone is able both to reveal and to solve the man’s predicament...see Revelation 1…

2:31-49: Both Hippolytus and Eusebius see parallels between Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and Daniel’s vision refer also to (Daniel Chapter 7)...Eusebius comments that is fitting for a proud, earthly minded king to “compare the life and substance of all men to a great image…”The dream was given to teach him to “lay aside his pride in himself, that he might understand that there is nothing stable among men, but only that which is the appointed end of all things...the Kingdom of YHWH (God)...”

According to the Fathers, the golden head (v.32) was Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon...The silver chest and arms (v.32) represent the 245-year supremacy of the Medo-Persians, beginning with Cyrus in 539 BC...The stomach and thighs of cooper (v.32) represent Alexander the Great and his Greek empire, established about 330 BC...Next came the brutal Roman Empire, represented by the legs of iron (v.33)...According to Hippolytus, the feet of iron and clay (v.33) correspond with the “ten horns” in Daniel’s vision, and represent ten nations after Rome (see Daniel 7:8, 24, and 25)...Just as the stone struck the feet and overlook these governments, so the Gospel spread to all the nations of the Gentiles (vv.34, 35)...Finally this stone, the Church, becomes a great mountain as the Gospel fills the earth…

Head: רֵאשׁ rêʼsh, raysh; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7218; the head; figuratively, the sum:—chief, head, sum.

Chest: אָרוֹן ʼârôwn, aw-rone'; or אָרֹן ʼârôn; from H717 (in the sense of gathering); a box:—ark, chest, coffin.

Thighs: יַרְכָא yarkâʼ, yar-kaw'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H3411; a thigh:—thigh.

Legs: שָׁק shâq, shawk; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7785; the leg:—leg.

Feet: רְגַל rᵉgal, reg-al'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7272:—foot.

Iron: פַּרְזֶל parzel, par-zel'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H1270; iron:—iron.

Clay: חֲסַף chăçaph, khas-af'; (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to that of H2636; a clod:—clay.

Stone: אֶבֶן ʼeben, eh'-ben; (Aramaic) corresponding to H68:—stone.

2:1-36, 44-45: This passage is read in Church on Christmas Eve…

2:35: Blessed Augustine writes the mountain which grew out of a small stone is the kingdom of YHWH (God), present in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church...The Church’s beginnings were indeed small, yet the Church has spread throughout the world

2:46: St. Hippolytus sees in Daniel a type of Christ…”How great is the power of YHWH (God), beloved, that one who a little before was doomed to death with the other wise men of Babylon, should now be worshipped by the king, not as man but as God!” Verse 45 see and reference Revelation 1…

2:48: Like Christ’s, Daniel's humility (v.30) brings him favor with God and men

Daniel Chapter 3

3:1-18: This passage contains a striking reverse parallel...Under the Old Covenant, the whole world (represented by Babylon), except for the Jewish faithful (represented by the three youths), was filled with idolatry, but under the New Covenant, the Gentile nations will come to worship the One True God of Israel (YHWH)... Also see Revelation 13:15-18 to see parallels...

3:1-90: This Passage is read on Great and Holy Saturday…

3:19-23: A Nativity hymn in the Church reveals the profound typology in this passage: “The children of the Old Covenant who walked in the fire, yet were not burnt, prefigured the womb of the Maiden, which remained sealed when she gave birth in fashion past nature…”St. John Cassian likens the furnace (v.19) to the passions of our flesh, which constantly threatens to destroy us; however, these flames can be extinguished through zeal of God, continual repentance, and fasting

Furnace: אַתּוּן ʼattûwn, at-toon'; (Aramaic) probably from the corresponding to H784; probably a fire-place, i.e. furnace:—furnace.

3:25: In the LXX, the Prayer of Azariah and the Hymn of the Three Young Men are placed after Daniel 3:24...Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael are the original Hebrew names of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, (1:6-7)...

Azariah: עֲזַרְיָה ʻĂzaryâh, az-ar-yaw'; or עֲזַרְיָהוּ ʻĂzaryâhûw; from H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites:—Azariah

3:26-45: This prayer is liturgical in nature and includes verses and phrases from throughout the OT...It includes praise to YAHWEH (God) (v.26), acknowledgment that YAHWEH’s judgement is true (vv.27,28), confession of sin (vv. 29,30), request for deliverance in remembrance of the covenant (vv.34-36), a plea for mercy (vv.38-43), and for victory over enemies (vv.44,45)...

3:46-50: This brief commentary between the Prayer and the Hymn is repeated and expanded in (vv.91-97)...”See how even the fire appears intelligent, as if it recognized and punished the guilty...For it did not touch the servants of YAHWEH (God), but it consumed the unbelieving and impious Chaldeans” (Hippol)...

3:52-90: A fragment from the Fathers remarks that we may marvel at the Hymn of the Three Young Men, “how they enumerated all created things, so that not one of them might be reckoned free and independent in itself...But, summing up and naming them all together, both things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth, they showed them to be all servants of God, who created all things by the Word, that no one should boast that any of the creatures was without birth and beginning…”

3:86: The spirits and souls of the righteous dead continue to give praise to God forever, throughout the ages…

3:91-92: St. Hippolytus writes that the king’s recognition of the fourth man in the furnace was a sign that the Gentiles would recognize the Incarnate Word when He came…”The three youths he thus called by name...But he found no name by which to call the fourth...For He was not yet that Yeshua (Jesus) born of the Virgin…”St. Jerome comments that the presence of the Son of God in the furnace is a type of Christ’s descent to Hades, where the souls of the dead were imprisoned, that He might deliver the righteous faithful by breaking the chains of death…

The Fourth: רְבִיעַי rᵉbîyʻay, reb-ee-ah'-ee; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7243:—fourth.

Daniel Chapter 4:

4:5: Both Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and his experience that follows reveal how YHWH (God) humbles the proud and then raises him up again...Fear and terror can be seen as YHWH’s (God’s) mercy, for the “fear of God is the beginning of wisdom” (Proverbs 1:7)...

Dream: חֵלֶם chêlem, khay'-lem; (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to H2492; a dream:—dream.

4:10-17: This passage brings great comfort to believers: The Most High GOD reigns over the affairs of rulers and nations, for the tree of life to be cut down is the king (see v. 25)...

Most High: עִלַּי ʻillay, il-lah'-ee; (Aramaic) corresponding to H5942; supreme (i.e. God):—(most) high.

4:27: The mark of a true prophet is that he tells the unadulterated truth at the risk of his own discomfort and his very life…

4:34-37: The king’s change of heart is encouragement to interceded “for kings and all who are in authority” (1 Timothy 2:2)...

Daniel Chapter 5:

5:2: St. Jerome remarks that “vice always glories in defiling what is noble”He sees in Belshazzar’s blatant misuse of the holy vessels a type of the misuse and twisting of Scripture by heretics for the purpose of drawing others into false doctrine and worship

Vessels : מָאן mâʼn, mawn; (Aramaic) probably from a root corresponding to H579 in the sense of an enclosure by sides; a utensil:—vessel.

Daniel Chapter 6:

6:2-3: Governors were provincial rulers, often despotic...Daniel was one of three administrators above these who reported directly to Darius…

Governors: סְגַן çᵉgan, seg-an'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H5461:—governor.

Three : תְּלָת tᵉlâth, tel-awth'; (Aramaic) masculine תְּלָתָה tᵉlâthâh; (Aramaic), or תְּלָתָא tᵉlâthâʼ; (Aramaic), corresponding to H7969; three or third:—third, three.

Darius: דָּֽרְיָוֵשׁ Dârᵉyâvêsh, daw-reh-yaw-vaysh'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H1867:—Darius.

6:5-6: The enemies of God historically have stopped at nothing to try to overthrow His kingdom and His servants St. Paul calls such schemes “the wiles (strategies) of the devil” (Ephesians 6:11)...

6:17-25: St. Ephraim of Syria writes that both OT Daniel and the NT Lazarus (see John 11:1-45) illustrate Christ in His tomb”A type of You therefore was Daniel, and also Lazarus; one in the den, which the Gentiles sealed up, and one in the sepulcher, that the people opened...Their signs and their seals reproved them...Their mouth would have open, if they had left Your sepulcher open...But they went away because they had shut Your sepulcher and sealed it, and closed up their own mouths...Yes, they closed it, and when they had senselessly covered Your sepulcher, all the slandered covered their own heads...But in Your Resurrection You persuaded them concerning Your Birth; since the womb was sealed, and the sepulcher closed up; being alike pure in the womb, and living in the sepulcher...The womb and the sepulcher being sealed were witnesses unto You

6:19: Note how a pagan king kept vigil and fasted while his friend Daniel was in danger…

6:20-25: Signs are performed by God among unbelieving peoples so that the worship and word of the One True God may be proclaimed with power, as shown by Darius' new decree (vv.26,27)...

Daniel Chapter 7: Daniel’s Vision of Four Beasts:

7:1-8: St. Aphrahat comments that the great sea (the Mediterranean Sea) is symbolic of the world, and “these four great beasts (v.3) are the four kingdoms signified above” (see notes at 2:25-49)...The lioness with eagle’s wings (v.4) is the Babylonian Empire; the bear rose up on one side (v.5) because when the kingdom of Media and Persia arose, it arose in the east...Hippolytus sees the three ribs as being the Medes, the Assyrians, and the Babylonians...They are also often identified with Lydia, Babylon, and Egypt, all of which were conquered and reduced to a single realm by the Persians under Cyrus and his sons, Cambyses...The Fathers agree the leopard is Alexander the Great, and the four wings and four heads (v.6) are his four generals (see 8:5-14 notes)...The fourth beast (v.7) is seen to be the Roman Empire, which subdued the world with its strength...Note that the four heavenly beasts of St. John’s vision far surpasses these temporary, earthly beasts (see Revelation 4:6-7, and see Ezekiel 1:5, 21 and notes)...Some Fathers say that the ten horns prophecy nations that will rise up in the last days…

Great : רַב rab, rab; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7227:—captain, chief, great, lord, master, stout.

Sea : יָם yâm, yawm; (Aramaic) corresponding to H3220:—sea.

Lioness : אַרְיֵה ʼaryêh, ar-yay'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H738:—lion.

Wings : גַּף gaph, gaf; (Aramaic) corresponding to H1610; a wing:—wing.

Bear : דֹּב dôb, dobe; (Aramaic) corresponding to H1677:—bear.

Three : תְּלָת tᵉlâth, tel-awth'; (Aramaic) masculine תְּלָתָה tᵉlâthâh; (Aramaic), or תְּלָתָא tᵉlâthâʼ; (Aramaic), corresponding to H7969; three or third:—third, three.

Ribs : עֲלַע ʻălaʻ, al-ah'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H6763; a rib:—rib.

Leopard : נְמַר nᵉmar, nem-ar'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H5246:—leopard.

Four wings: אַרְבַּע ʼarbaʻ, ar-bah'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H702:—four. See above translation for wings…

Fourth beast: The Fourth: רְבִיעַי rᵉbîyʻay, reb-ee-ah'-ee; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7243:—fourth.

Four heads: רֵאשׁ rêʼsh, raysh; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7218; the head; figuratively, the sum:—chief, head, sum.

Ten horns: עֲשַׂר ʻăsar, as-ar'; (Aramaic) masculine עֲשְׂרָה ʻăsrâh (Aramaic); corresponding to H6235; ten:—ten, twelve… Horns: קֶרֶן qeren, keh'-ren; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7161; a horn (literally or for sound):—horn, cornet.

7:8, 24, 25: The little horn is seen to be the antichrist, an eleventh king who shall appear suddenly in the midst of the ten horns, seizing power through magic and sorcery...He will exalt himself as God and make war on the Church (v.11)...But Christ will deliver the Church and establish God's everlasting kingdom...The Orthodox response to the prophetic teaching of the Scriptures is not fear, or to try to second-guess God’s timetable, but rather to practice repentance and watchfulness against sin and to engage in spreading the Gospel…

Little horn: זְעֵיר zᵉʻêyr, zeh-ayr'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H2191:—little. קֶרֶן qeren, keh'-ren; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7161; a horn (literally or for sound):—horn, cornet.

7:9-12: Daniel’s vision is similar to several aspects of St. John’s Revelation which is the Revelation of Yeshua (Christ), this includes the thrones, (see Revelation 4:2-6), the multitude of worshipping angels and other creatures (see Revelation 5:11), and the books (v.10; see also Revelation 20:12)...

Thrones : כׇּרְסֵא korçêʼ, kor-say'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H3678; a throne:—throne.

Books : סְפַר çᵉphar, sef-ar'; (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to H5608; a book:—book, roll.

Notes: Revelation 4:2-6; Revelation 5:11, and Revelation 20:12:

Revelation 4:2-6: Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne set in heaven, and One sat on the throne... 3 [a]And He who sat there was like a jasper and a sardius stone in appearance; and there was a rainbow around the throne, in appearance like an emerald. 4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and on the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white [b]robes; and they had crowns of gold on their heads. 5 And from the throne proceeded lightning, [c]thunderings, and voices. Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the[d] seven Spirits of God. 6 Before the throne there [e]was a sea of glass, like crystal. And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne, were four living creatures full of eyes in front and in back.

4:2-3: (2)YHWH is seen in Biblical visions as sitting on a throne, a symbol of His sovereign lordship (3 Kingdoms 22:19; Psalm 46:9; Isaiah 6:1; Ezekiel 1:25-27; Daniel 7:9; Matthew 5:34; 23:22, and 1 Enoch 14:18-19)... The image of this throne occurs over 40 times in Revelation and is further described as “a great white throne” (Revelation 20:11), a throne of judgement...But here His throne is surrounded by a rainbow (v. 3), the sign of YHWH’s everlasting covenant according to which He will not judge man again as He did at the Flood (Genesis 9:12-17)... Mercy triumphs over judgement (Matthew 9:13)...Thus, in the Orthodox Church, the altar table is sometimes called “the throne”...

4:4: The twenty four elders are usually interpreted to be elders of the old and new covenant: the twelve sons of Jacob and the twelve apostles, the fullness of both covenants...They are the foundation of the people of God in both covenants (Revelation 7:4, and Matthew 19:28)...These elders continually fall down before YHWH in worship (Revelation 5:14; 11:16; 19:4), in adoration and praise (Revelation 4:11; 5:9-10; 11:17-18; 19:4)...

Throne : G2362:θρόνος thrónos, thron'-os; from θράω thráō (to sit); a stately seat ("throne"); by implication, power or (concretely) a potentate:—seat, throne

Rainbow : ἶρις îris, ee'-ris; perhaps from G2046 (as a symbol of the female messenger of the pagan deities); a rainbow ("iris"):—rainbow.

Twenty four elders: G1501: εἴκοσι eíkosi, i'-kos-ee; of uncertain affinity; a score:—twenty.

Sea of glass: θάλασσα thálassa, thal'-as-sah; probably prolonged from G251; the sea (genitive case or specially):—sea.

Four living creatures: τέσσαρες téssares, tes'-sar-es; a plural number; four:—four.

Revelation 5:11: Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands,

Revelation 20:12: And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before [a]God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.

The Book of Life: βίβλος bíblos, bib'-los; properly, the inner bark of the papyrus plant, i.e. (by implication) a sheet or scroll of writing:—book. ζωή zōḗ, dzo-ay'; from G2198; life (literally or figuratively):—life(-time). Compare G5590.

The dead: νεκρός nekrós, nek-ros'; from an apparently primary νέκυς nékys (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun):—dead.

Their works: ἔργον érgon, er'-gon; from a primary (but obsolete) ἔργω érgō (to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication, an act:—deed, doing, labour, work.

7:13-14: Daniel’s vision of the Ancient of Days is that of the Second Coming of Christ, the Son of Man, in glory…

The Ancient of Days: עַתִּיק ʻattîyq, at-teek'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H6267; venerable:—ancient. יוֹם yôwm, yome; (Aramaic) corresponding to H3117; a day:—day (by day), time.

The Son of Man: בֵּן bên, bane; from H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like father or brother), etc.):—afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-) ite, (anoint-) ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-) ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, × came up in, child, colt, × common, × corn, daughter, × of first, firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, × in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, rebel, + robber, × servant born, × soldier, son, + spark, steward, + stranger, × surely, them of, + tumultuous one, valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth. אֱנָשׁ ʼĕnâsh, en-awsh'; (Aramaic) or אֱנַשׁ ʼĕnash; (Aramaic), corresponding to H582; a man:—man, whosoever.

7:25: A time, times, and half a time refers to the “short time” (three and half years) of tribulation that will befall the faithful just prior to the end of the age (see Daniel 12:7 and notes which I’m still working on; Revelation 12:7-16 and notes)...

Revelation 12:7-16: And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, 8 but they [a]did not prevail, nor was a place found for [b]them in heaven any longer. 9 So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, “Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down. 11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, and they did not love their lives to the death. 12 Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time.” Now when the dragon saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child. 14 But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 So the serpent spewed water out of his mouth like a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away by the flood. 16 But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon had spewed out of his mouth.

12:7-12: This passage begins an interlude describing Satan’s role in stimulating persecution of the Church...The war with Michael and the good angels is usually interpreted to picture an event before the creation of the world...However, the context places it just before the end of the world...Satan has been accusing the brethren (v.10), the Christians, and his downfall (see Luke 10:18) presages the consummation of the Kingdom (v.10)...Satan is overcome by Christ’s self-sacrifice and that of the martyrs (v.11)-those who did not love their lives to death...The short time (v.12) Satan has is the period of tribulation just prior to the end…

War : πόλεμος pólemos, pol'-em-os; from πέλομαι pélomai (to bustle); warfare (literally or figuratively; a single encounter or a series):—battle, fight, war.

Michael: Μιχαήλ Michaḗl, mikh-ah-ale'; of Hebrew origin (H4317); Michael, an archangel:—Michael.

Angels : ἄγγελος ággelos, ang'-el-os; from ἀγγέλλω aggéllō (probably derived from G71; compare G34) (to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an "angel"; by implication, a pastor:—angel, messenger.

Brethren : ἀδελφός adelphós, ad-el-fos'; from G1 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς delphýs (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like G1):—brother.

Short time : ὀλίγος olígos, ol-ee'-gos; of uncertain affinity; puny (in extent, degree, number, duration or value); especially neuter (adverbially) somewhat:—+ almost, brief(-ly), few, (a) little, + long, a season, short, small, a while. καιρός kairós, kahee-ros'; of uncertain affinity; an occasion, i.e. set or proper time:—X always, opportunity, (convenient, due) season, (due, short, while) time, a while. Compare G5550.

12:13-16: Satan hates Christ and His mother...The Virgin Mary was saved by the inspiration of the angel who told Joseph to run into Egypt...Likewise, Satan hates Christ Church (John 15:21) and attacks the one through the other, since they are identified...One of his first activities is to persecute true Israel...The wings of a great eagle (v.14) refers to the original Exodus (Exodus 19:4; Deuteronomy 32:11), as the flood (vv. 15, 16) may also be the threat drowning in the Red Sea...However, Satan is unable to prevail...The Jewish Church safely completes its exodus and is preserved during its apocalyptic period...And the Church in general will be preserved: the gates of hell cannot prevail against her (Matthew 16:18)...For Jesus’s warnings about this flight, (see Matthew 24:15-21)...

Wings of a great eagle: πτέρυξ ptéryx, pter'-oox; from a derivative of G4072 (meaning a feather); a wing:—wing. μέγας mégas, meg'-as; (including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη megálē, plural μεγάλοι megáloi, etc.; compare also G3176, G3187); big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application):—(+ fear) exceedingly, great(-est), high, large, loud, mighty, + (be) sore (afraid), strong, × to years. ἀετός aetós, ah-et-os'; from the same as; an eagle (from its wind-like flight):—eagle.

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