Search

Our Daily Bread: Daniel Bible Study Chapters 1-7... Notes and Scripture Work...

Daniel Chapter 1: Daniel and His Companions Obey YHWH (God):

http://bib.ly/Da1.NKJV :

1:1: The third year in the rule of Jehoiakim puts this book at 606 BC…

The Third Year: שָׁלוֹשׁ shâlôwsh, shaw-loshe'; or שָׁלֹשׁ shâlôsh; masculine שְׁלוֹשָׁה shᵉlôwshâh; or שְׁלֹשָׁה shᵉlôshâh; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiple) thrice:—+ fork, + often(-times), third, thir(-teen, -teenth), three, + thrice. Compare H7991.שָׁנֶה shâneh, shaw-neh'; (in plural or (feminine) שָׁנָה shânâh; from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time):— whole age, × long, old, year(× -ly).

Jehoiakim: יְהוֹיָקִים Yᵉhôwyâqîym, yeh-ho-yaw-keem'; from H3068 abbreviated and H6965; Jehovah will raise; Jehojakim, a Jewish king:—Jehoiakim. Compare H3113.

1:4: The Gentiles in Daniel’s time taught the Jews their Babylonian language and literature that they might serve Nebuchadnezzar…

1:8: The Church takes note that the Hebrew youths were blessed by God through holy fasting...During Great Lent we sing, “what quenched the fire (see Daniel 3:21-27)? What stopped the mouths of the wild beasts (see Daniel 6:16-23)? It was fasting that delivered the children from the furnace and Daniel the prophet from the jaws of the lions...Brethren, let us also fast like them…”

God: אֱלֹהִים ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.

1:21: King Cyrus’s first year of reigning over the Persians is 538 BC…

Daniel Chapter 2: King Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream:

http://bib.ly/Da2.NKJV :

2:1: Second year: 604 BC...Nebuchadnezzar’s dreams could not be told or interpreted by the Chaldean sorcerers, just as man’s wisdom can neither tell nor interpret the mystery of his own existence…

Magicians: חַרְטֹם charṭôm, khar-tome'; (Aramaic) the same as H2748:—magician.

Sorcerers: כָּשַׁף kâshaph, kaw-shaf'; a primitive root; properly, to whisper a spell, i.e. to inchant or practise magic:—sorcerer, (use) witch(-craft).

Chaldeans: כַּשְׂדִּי Kasdîy, kas-dee'; (occasionally with enclitic) כַּשְׂדִּימָה Kasdîymâh; towards the Kasdites into Chaldea), patronymically from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication, a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people:—Chaldeans, Chaldees, inhabitants of Chaldea).

2:25-28: Daniel, who both tells and interprets the dream, is a figure of Christ, who alone is able both to reveal and to solve the man’s predicament...see Revelation 1…

2:31-49: Both Hippolytus and Eusebius see parallels between Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and Daniel’s vision refer also to (Daniel Chapter 7)...Eusebius comments that is fitting for a proud, earthly minded king to “compare the life and substance of all men to a great image…”The dream was given to teach him to “lay aside his pride in himself, that he might understand that there is nothing stable among men, but only that which is the appointed end of all things...the Kingdom of YHWH (God)...”

According to the Fathers, the golden head (v.32) was Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon...The silver chest and arms (v.32) represent the 245-year supremacy of the Medo-Persians, beginning with Cyrus in 539 BC...The stomach and thighs of cooper (v.32) represent Alexander the Great and his Greek empire, established about 330 BC...Next came the brutal Roman Empire, represented by the legs of iron (v.33)...According to Hippolytus, the feet of iron and clay (v.33) correspond with the “ten horns” in Daniel’s vision, and represent ten nations after Rome (see Daniel 7:8, 24, and 25)...Just as the stone struck the feet and overlook these governments, so the Gospel spread to all the nations of the Gentiles (vv.34, 35)...Finally this stone, the Church, becomes a great mountain as the Gospel fills the earth…

Head: רֵאשׁ rêʼsh, raysh; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7218; the head; figuratively, the sum:—chief, head, sum.

Chest: אָרוֹן ʼârôwn, aw-rone'; or אָרֹן ʼârôn; from H717 (in the sense of gathering); a box:—ark, chest, coffin.

Thighs: יַרְכָא yarkâʼ, yar-kaw'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H3411; a thigh:—thigh.

Legs: שָׁק shâq, shawk; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7785; the leg:—leg.

Feet: רְגַל rᵉgal, reg-al'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7272:—foot.

Iron: פַּרְזֶל parzel, par-zel'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H1270; iron:—iron.

Clay: חֲסַף chăçaph, khas-af'; (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to that of H2636; a clod:—clay.

Stone: אֶבֶן ʼeben, eh'-ben; (Aramaic) corresponding to H68:—stone.

2:1-36, 44-45: This passage is read in Church on Christmas Eve…

2:35: Blessed Augustine writes the mountain which grew out of a small stone is the kingdom of YHWH (God), present in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church...The Church’s beginnings were indeed small, yet the Church has spread throughout the world

2:46: St. Hippolytus sees in Daniel a type of Christ…”How great is the power of YHWH (God), beloved, that one who a little before was doomed to death with the other wise men of Babylon, should now be worshipped by the king, not as man but as God!” Verse 45 see and reference Revelation 1…

2:48: Like Christ’s, Daniel's humility (v.30) brings him favor with God and men

Daniel Chapter 3

http://bib.ly/Da3.NKJV :

3:1-18: This passage contains a striking reverse parallel...Under the Old Covenant, the whole world (represented by Babylon), except for the Jewish faithful (represented by the three youths), was filled with idolatry, but under the New Covenant, the Gentile nations will come to worship the One True God of Israel (YHWH)... Also see Revelation 13:15-18 to see parallels...

3:1-90: This Passage is read on Great and Holy Saturday…

3:19-23: A Nativity hymn in the Church reveals the profound typology in this passage: “The children of the Old Covenant who walked in the fire, yet were not burnt, prefigured the womb of the Maiden, which remained sealed when she gave birth in fashion past nature…”St. John Cassian likens the furnace (v.19) to the passions of our flesh, which constantly threatens to destroy us; however, these flames can be extinguished through zeal of God, continual repentance, and fasting

Furnace: אַתּוּן ʼattûwn, at-toon'; (Aramaic) probably from the corresponding to H784; probably a fire-place, i.e. furnace:—furnace.

3:25: In the LXX, the Prayer of Azariah and the Hymn of the Three Young Men are placed after Daniel 3:24...Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael are the original Hebrew names of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, (1:6-7)...

Azariah: עֲזַרְיָה ʻĂzaryâh, az-ar-yaw'; or עֲזַרְיָהוּ ʻĂzaryâhûw; from H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites:—Azariah

3:26-45: This prayer is liturgical in nature and includes verses and phrases from throughout the OT...It includes praise to YAHWEH (God) (v.26), acknowledgment that YAHWEH’s judgement is true (vv.27,28), confession of sin (vv. 29,30), request for deliverance in remembrance of the covenant (vv.34-36), a plea for mercy (vv.38-43), and for victory over enemies (vv.44,45)...

3:46-50: This brief commentary between the Prayer and the Hymn is repeated and expanded in (vv.91-97)...”See how even the fire appears intelligent, as if it recognized and punished the guilty...For it did not touch the servants of YAHWEH (God), but it consumed the unbelieving and impious Chaldeans” (Hippol)...

3:52-90: A fragment from the Fathers remarks that we may marvel at the Hymn of the Three Young Men, “how they enumerated all created things, so that not one of them might be reckoned free and independent in itself...But, summing up and naming them all together, both things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth, they showed them to be all servants of God, who created all things by the Word, that no one should boast that any of the creatures was without birth and beginning…”

3:86: The spirits and souls of the righteous dead continue to give praise to God forever, throughout the ages…

3:91-92: St. Hippolytus writes that the king’s recognition of the fourth man in the furnace was a sign that the Gentiles would recognize the Incarnate Word when He came…”The three youths he thus called by name...But he found no name by which to call the fourth...For He was not yet that Yeshua (Jesus) born of the Virgin…”St. Jerome comments that the presence of the Son of God in the furnace is a type of Christ’s descent to Hades, where the souls of the dead were imprisoned, that He might deliver the righteous faithful by breaking the chains of death…

The Fourth: רְבִיעַי rᵉbîyʻay, reb-ee-ah'-ee; (Aramaic) corresponding to H7243:—fourth.

Daniel Chapter 4:

http://bib.ly/Da4.NKJV :

4:5: Both Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and his experience that follows reveal how YHWH (God) humbles the proud and then raises him up again...Fear and terror can be seen as YHWH’s (God’s) mercy, for the “fear of God is the beginning of wisdom” (Proverbs 1:7)...

Dream: חֵלֶם chêlem, khay'-lem; (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to H2492; a dream:—dream.

4:10-17: This passage brings great comfort to believers: The Most High GOD reigns over the affairs of rulers and nations, for the tree of life to be cut down is the king (see v. 25)...

Most High: עִלַּי ʻillay, il-lah'-ee; (Aramaic) corresponding to H5942; supreme (i.e. God):—(most) high.

4:27: The mark of a true prophet is that he tells the unadulterated truth at the risk of his own discomfort and his very life…

4:34-37: The king’s change of heart is encouragement to interceded “for kings and all who are in authority” (1 Timothy 2:2)...

Daniel Chapter 5:

http://bib.ly/Da5.NKJV :

5:2: St. Jerome remarks that “vice always glories in defiling what is noble”He sees in Belshazzar’s blatant misuse of the holy vessels a type of the misuse and twisting of Scripture by heretics for the purpose of drawing others into false doctrine and worship

Vessels : מָאן mâʼn, mawn; (Aramaic) probably from a root corresponding to H579 in the sense of an enclosure by sides; a utensil:—vessel.

Daniel Chapter 6:

http://bib.ly/Da6.NKJV :

6:2-3: Governors were provincial rulers, often despotic...Daniel was one of three administrators above these who reported directly to Darius…

Governors: סְגַן çᵉgan, seg-an'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H5461:—governor.

Three : תְּלָת tᵉlâth, tel-awth'; (Aramaic) masculine תְּלָתָה tᵉlâthâh; (Aramaic), or תְּלָתָא tᵉlâthâʼ; (Aramaic), corresponding to H7969; three or third:—third, three.

Darius: דָּֽרְיָוֵשׁ Dârᵉyâvêsh, daw-reh-yaw-vaysh'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H1867:—Darius.

6:5-6: The enemies of God historically have stopped at nothing to try to overthrow His kingdom and His servants St. Paul calls such schemes “the wiles (strategies) of the devil” (Ephesians 6:11)...

6:17-25: St. Ephraim of Syria writes that both OT Daniel and the NT Lazarus (see John 11:1-45) illustrate Christ in His tomb”A type of You therefore was Daniel, and also Lazarus; one in the den, which the Gentiles sealed up, and one in the sepulcher, that the people opened...Their signs and their seals reproved them...Their mouth would have open, if they had left Your sepulcher open...But they went away because they had shut Your sepulcher and sealed it, and closed up their own mouths...Yes, they closed it, and when they had senselessly covered Your sepulcher, all the slandered covered their own heads...But in Your Resurrection You persuaded them concerning Your Birth; since the womb was sealed, and the sepulcher closed up; being alike pure in the womb, and living in the sepulcher...The womb and the sepulcher being sealed were witnesses unto You

6:19: Note how a pagan king kept vigil and fasted while his friend Daniel was in danger…

6:20-25: Signs are performed by God among unbelieving peoples so that the worship and word of the One True God may be proclaimed with power, as shown by Darius' new decree (vv.26,27)...

Daniel Chapter 7: Daniel’s Vision of Four Beasts: