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Hebrews 5 Study - (Part Two -(vv. 5-11, vv. 8-9, vv. 11-14)Psalm 109 (110) Study/ Write up ...

Hebrews 5 Study Part One & Two

Qualifications for High Priesthood

5 For every high priest taken from among men is appointed for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He can [a]have compassion on those who are ignorant and going astray, since he himself is also subject to weakness. 3 Because of this he is required as for the people, so also for himself, to offer sacrifices for sins. 4 And no man takes this honor to himself, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was.

A Priest Forever

5 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him:

“You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.”

6 As He also says in another place:

“You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek”.

7 who, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications, with vehement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, and was heard because of His godly fear, 8 though He was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. 9 And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him, 10 called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,” 11 of whom we have much to say, and hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.

Spiritual Immaturity

12 For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the first principles of the [b]oracles of God; and you have come to need milk and not solid food. 13 For everyone who partakes only of milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe. 14 But solid food belongs to those who are [c]of full age, that is, those who by reason of [d]use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

NOTES PART ONE HEBREWS 5 STUDY – (vv. 1-4, and v. 7) …

5:1-4: To qualify as priest in the OT one must (1): BE TAKEN AMONG MEN – (v. 1), be fully human; (2): BE APPOINTED FOR MEN – (v. 1), specifically for liturgical service; (3): OFFER SACRIFICES – (v. 1); (4): HAVE COMPASSION – (v. 2); and (5): BE CALLED BY GOD – (v. 4) … In Aaronic priesthood a priest identified himself with humanity and had sympathy for his fellow men because he sinned as other men sinned … The sacrifices were vicarious offerings of animals …

5:7: CRIES AND TEARS is likely a reference to our Lord’s agonizing prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane – (Matthew 26:36-46, and Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:39-46) …

NOTES PART TWO HEBREWS 5 STUDY – (vv. 5-11, vv. 8-9, v. 11 transitions us into Hebrews 6, also cover vv. 11-14)

5:5-11: Christ assumes and fulfills the OT priesthood – (see also Hebrews 5:1-4): LIKE MELCHIZEDEK – (v. 6; see also Hebrews 7:1-21; and Genesis 14:18-20), Jesus is both priest and King … He does not sin; His sacrifice is the human sacrifice of Himself, and His perfect priesthood continues in the Church to this day …

Hebrews 5:5-11: read from my Orthodox study Bible in yesterday’s video …

Hebrews 7:1-21: Please read when you all get a chance …

Genesis 14:18-20: 18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was the priest of

God Most High. 19 And he blessed him and said:

“Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth; 20 And blessed be God Most High, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand.”

And he gave him [a]a tithe of all.

5:8-9: CHRIST LEARNED OBEDIENCE in His human will, which continually and freely submitted to the divine will … In the agony of injustice and in physical pain He submits to the Will of the Father … This perfecting of human activity in communion with God shows Christ alone to be the Savior – (v. 9) …

5:11-14: When Christians are not growing spiritually, doctrine is difficult to explain to them … Let us repent of being DULL OF HEARING – (v. 11) – a constant criticism Christ and the prophets had of God’s people- and habitually and vigorously exercise ourselves in spiritual matters … The primary spiritual exercise is the study and knowledge of the Scriptures – (JohnChr) …

PSALM 108 (109) STUDY

PSALM 109 (110) STUDY


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