Genesis 29 Study – “Jacob & Rachel” – “Jacob’s Children” – (vv. 1-35)
Jacob Meets Rachel
29 So Jacob went on his journey and came to the land of the people of the East. 2 And he looked and saw a well in the field; and behold, there were three flocks of sheep lying by it; for out of that well they watered the flocks. A large stone was on the well’s mouth. 3 Now all the flocks would be gathered there; and they would roll the stone from the well’s mouth, water the sheep, and put the stone back in its place on the well’s mouth.
4 And Jacob said to them, “My brethren, where are you from?”
And they said, “We are from Haran.”
5 Then he said to them, “Do you know Laban the son of Nahor?”
And they said, “We know him.”
6 So he said to them, “Is he well?”
And they said, “He is well. And look, his daughter Rachel is coming with the sheep.”
7 Then he said, “Look, it is still [a]high day; it is not time for the cattle to be gathered together. Water the sheep and go and feed them.”
8 But they said, “We cannot until all the flocks are gathered together, and they have rolled the stone from the well’s mouth; then we water the sheep.”
9 Now while he was still speaking with them, Rachel came with her father’s sheep, for she was a shepherdess. 10 And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban his mother’s brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother’s brother, that Jacob went near and rolled the stone from the well’s mouth and watered the flock of Laban his mother’s brother. 11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and lifted up his voice and wept. 12 And Jacob told Rachel that he was her father’s relative and that he was Rebekah’s son. So, she ran and told her father.
13 Then it came to pass, when Laban heard the report about Jacob his sister’s son, that he ran to meet him, and embraced him and kissed him, and brought him to his house. So, he told Laban all these things. 14 And Laban said to him, “Surely you are my bone and my flesh.” And he stayed with him for a month.
Jacob Marries Leah and Rachel
15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Because you are my relative, should you therefore serve me for nothing? Tell me, what should your wages be?” 16 Now Laban had two daughters: the name of the elder was Leah, and the name of the younger was Rachel. 17 Leah’s eyes were [b]delicate, but Rachel was beautiful of form and appearance.
18 Now Jacob loved Rachel; so, he said, “I will serve you seven years for Rachel your younger daughter.”
19 And Laban said, “It is better that I give her to you than that I should give her to another man. Stay with me.” 20 So Jacob served seven years for Rachel, and they seemed only a few days to him because of the love he had for her.
21 Then Jacob said to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my days are fulfilled, that I may go into her.” 22 And Laban gathered together all the men of the place and made a feast. 23 Now it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter and brought her to Jacob; and he went into her. 24 And Laban gave his maid Zilpah to his daughter Leah as a maid. 25 So it came to pass in the morning, that behold, it was Leah. And he said to Laban, “What is this you have done to me? Was it not for Rachel that I served you? Why then have you deceived me?”
26 And Laban said, “It must not be done so in our [c]country, to give the younger before the firstborn. 27 Fulfill her week, and we will give you this one also for the service which you will serve with me still another seven years.”
28 Then Jacob did so and fulfilled her week. So, he gave him his daughter Rachel as wife also. 29 And Laban gave his maid Bilhah to his daughter Rachel as a maid. 30 Then Jacob also went into Rachel, and he also loved Rachel more than Leah. And he served with Laban still another seven years.
The Children of Jacob
31 When the Lord saw that Leah was [d]unloved, He opened her womb; but Rachel was barren. 32 So Leah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name [e]Reuben; for she said, “The Lord has surely looked on my affliction. Now therefore, my husband will love me.” 33 Then she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “Because the Lord has heard that I am [f]unloved, He has therefore given me this son also.” And she called his name [g]Simeon. 34 She conceived again and bore a son, and said, “Now this time my husband will become attached to me, because I have borne him three sons.” Therefore his name was called [h]Levi. 35 And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “Now I will praise the Lord.” Therefore she called his name Judah.[i] Then she stopped bearing.
Notes Genesis 29 Study – (vv. 1-35)
29:14: Laban Called Jacob MY BONE AND MY FLESH, for they were blood relatives … In contrast to this, the Church is not based on blood relationships … It is based on the life-giving flesh of Christ, by which those who embrace Him in faith become “members of His body, of His flesh and of His bones” – (Ephesians 5:30) … The members of His body are closer in relationship than of blood relationships …
29:15: Laban called Jacob MY BROTHER … Technically, Jacob was Laban’s nephew … Therefore, the title brother does not necessarily mean a son of the same father or mother … In Matthew 13:55 and in Mark 3:31, Jesus is said to have brothers … These are not sons of Mary His mother … They were simply close relatives … The Church calls Mary Ever-Virgin … This belief is a dogma of the Church, for she bore only One Son, the Lord Jesus Christ …
55 Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, [a]Joses, Simon, and Judas?
31 Then His brothers and His mother came, and standing outside they sent to Him, calling Him.
29:27: One week in this case equals seven years … Daniel’s prophecy in Daniel Chapter 9 equals seven years, to the coming of Christ in the Incarnation …
29:34-35: Levi was the forefather of the Levitical priesthood, also known as the order of Aaron, for Aaron came from Levi – (Hebrews 7:11) … But Christ could not part of this order, because He would descend from Judah – (Hebrews 7:14) … However, the prophecy said Christ would be the High Priest of the order of Melchizedek – (Psalm 109 (110):4) … So, both orders cannot coexist as the way to be perfected … The order of Aaron became obsolete because Levi and his offspring are still dead, whereas Christ is alive from the dead … Therefore, Jews are not made children of God through the order of Aaron …Both Jews and Gentiles become the children of God only through the order of Melchizedek, in the one body of Christ, the Church, which is also called “the Israel of God” – (Galatians 6:16) …
Need for a New Priesthood
11 Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron?
14 For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning [a]priesthood.
Psalm 109 (110):4
The Lord swore and will not repent, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek” …
Blessing and a Plea
16 And as many as walk according to this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.