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Exodus 28 Study/Psalm 86 (87) Study/Listen To God, He's Calling OUT TO US ALL...



EXODUS 28 Study Guide & Breakdown

Garments for the Priesthood

28 “Now take Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister to Me as priest, Aaron, and Aaron’s sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 2 And you shall make [a]holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. 3 So you shall speak to all who are gifted artisans, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron’s garments, to consecrate him, that he may minister to Me as priest. 4 And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, an [b]ephod, a robe, a skillfully woven tunic, a turban, and a sash. So, they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.

The Ephod

5 “They shall take the gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and the fine linen, 6 and they shall make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, artistically worked. 7 It shall have two shoulder straps joined at its two edges, and so it shall be joined together. 8 And the [c]intricately woven band of the ephod, which is on it, shall be of the same workmanship, made of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen.

9 “Then you shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel: 10 six of their names on one stone and six names on the other stone, in order of their birth. 11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall set them in settings of gold. 12 And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. So, Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders as a memorial. 13 You shall also make settings of gold, 14 and you shall make two chains of pure gold like braided cords and fasten the braided chains to the settings.

The Breastplate

15 “You shall make the breastplate of judgment. Artistically woven according to the workmanship of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, you shall make it. 16 It shall be doubled into a square: a span shall be its length, and a span shall be its width. 17 And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of stones: The first row shall be a [d]sardius, a topaz, and an emerald; this shall be the first row; 18 the second row shall be a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond; 19 the third row, a [e]jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 20 and the fourth row, a [f]beryl, an [g]onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold settings. 21 And the stones shall have the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own name; they shall be according to the twelve tribes.

22 “You shall make chains for the breastplate at the end, like braided cords of pure gold. 23 And you shall make two rings of gold for the breastplate and put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate. 24 Then you shall put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breastplate; 25 and the other two ends of the two braided chains you shall fasten to the two settings and put them on the shoulder straps of the ephod in the front.

26 “You shall make two rings of gold and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on the edge of it, which is on the inner side of the ephod. 27 And two other rings of gold you shall make, and put them on the two shoulder straps, underneath the ephod toward its front, right at the seam above the [h]intricately woven band of the ephod. 28 They shall bind the breastplate by means of its rings to the rings of the ephod, using a blue cord, so that it is above the intricately woven band of the ephod, and so that the breastplate does not come loose from the ephod.

29 “So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel on the breastplate of judgment over his heart, when he goes into the holy place, as a memorial before the Lord continually. 30 And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the [i]Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before the Lord. So, Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel over his heart before the Lord continually.

Other Priestly Garments

31 “You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue. 32 There shall be an opening for his head in the middle of it; it shall have a woven binding all around its opening, like the opening in a coat of mail, so that it does not tear. 33 And upon its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, all around its hem, and bells of gold between them all around: 34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe all around. 35 And it shall be upon Aaron when he ministers, and its sound will be heard when he goes into the holy place before the Lord and when he comes out, that he may not die.

36 “You shall also make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet:


37 And you shall put it on a blue cord, that it may be on the turban; it shall be on the front of the turban. 38 So it shall be on Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things which the children of Israel hallow in all their [j]holy gifts; and it shall always be on his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord.

39 “You shall skillfully weave the tunic of fine linen thread, you shall make the turban of fine linen, and you shall make the sash of woven work.

40 “For Aaron’s sons you shall make tunics, and you shall make sashes for them. And you shall make [k]hats for them, for glory and beauty. 41 So you shall put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him. You shall anoint them, consecrate them, and [l]sanctify them, that they may minister to Me as priests. 42 And you shall make for them linen trousers to cover their [m]nakedness; they shall [n]reach from the waist to the thighs. 43 They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they come into the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister in the holy place, that they do not incur [o]iniquity and die. It shall be a statute forever to him and his descendants after him.

NOTES EXODUS 28 – (vv. 17-20)

28:17-20: The twelve stones speak of twelve names of Christ by which our holy faith is built up … They reveal His oneness of essence with the Father and the fact that He is undivided from Him … He is called God and Word – (John 1:1), Son and Only-Begotten – (John 1:18), Brightness and Impress – (Hebrews 1:3), Mirror – (John 14:9) and Image – (Colossians 1:15), Wisdom and Power – (1Corinthians 1:24), and Truth and Life – (John 14:6; AmbM) …

John 1:1: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God.

1:1: IN THE BEGINNING: is recalling the creation found in Genesis, this is speaking more directly to the Creator Himself: Genesis, spoke of the first creation this Prologue of John (vv. 1-18) is revealing the new Creation in Christ- (see Ezekiel 1:10): WAS THE WORD: (Greek logos): The Word is the eternal Son of God: was is indicating existence without reference to a starting point and emphasizes the Word's eternal existence without beginning: Logos can also mean "wisdom", "reason", "action" as well as "word" , All are attributes of the Son of God: THE WORD WAS WITH GOD: With shows that the Word-The Son of God-is a distinct Person from Son of God-is co-equal and co-eternal with the Father; He Himself is God with the same divinity as the Father: Some teach and twist and mistranslate this phrase "the Word was God" in order to propagate their heresy that the Son of God is a created being, a creature not fully divine: such a translation is unsupportable, false, dishonest and extremely deceptive!!!

Ezekiel 1:10: 10 As for the likeness of their faces, each had the face of a man; each of the four had the face of a lion on the right side, each of the four had the face of an ox on the left side, and each of the four had the face of an eagle.

St. Gregory the Great comments that the man is Matthew, because he begins his Gospel with Christ’s genealogy (Matthew 1:1)...The lion is Mark, “because of the crying in the wilderness” (Mark 1:1)...The ox is Luke, “because he started with a sacrifice (Luke 1:8)...The eagle is John, who “stretched toward the very substance of divinity” (John 1:1)...

JOHN 1:18: 18 No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten [a]Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.

Hebrews 1:3: 3 who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had [a]by Himself [b]purged [c]our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

John 14:9: 9 Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip?

He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?

HE WHO HAS SEEN ME HAS SEEN THE FATHER: Our response to Christ determines our relationship with the Father: if we reject Christ then we will never find the Father, if we believe in Christ and follow Him, we become children of God, living eternally in love of the Father- (John 1:12):

Colossians 1:15: 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.

No clear distinction is made between Christ as God and Christ as Man, but the verse here is obvious: As God, Christ is eternally and consubstantially - (ONE ESSENCE) THE IMAGE- (Greek- eikon, "icon") of the Father: As Man, Christ is the image in which man was made and toward which man is moving: In both natures, He fully represents and manifests the Father: As God, Christ is THE FIRSTBORN OVER ALL CREATION in that the Father created everything through Him, as the Only Begotten Son of God: As Man, Christ is firstborn over all creation in that He has authority over creation: Either way creation is fully subject to Him: Contrary to the Colossian heresy, in which He was considered one of the created mediators, Christ is the only Mediator and Lord of all...

1 Corinthians 1:24: 24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

SINCE CHRIST IS THE POWER AND WISDOM OF GOD THE FATHER- the brightness of the Father's glory-(Hebrews 1:3), the substantial and perfect image of the invisible God-where He is, there is the uncreated and saving grace of God, His Cross restores man to immortality and stirs up desire for the things of heaven...

John 14:6: 6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

THE WAY, THE TRUTH, AND THE LIFE: The way we reach the Father is forever established in the Person and work of the Son: The Son is the truth because He is the unique revelation of the Father: Christ is the life who became Man so we might have life, and as He is our life, not even death can hinder us from coming to Him: Only in Christ can one come to know the Father, for only in Christ is the way of all truth and all life found:

PSALM 86 (87) Study Guide & Breakdown

PSALM 86 (87) Is a prophecy regarding the meaning of the Nativity … This connection is found in the Incarnation of the Most High – (v. 5) and the City of God – (vv. 2, and 3) … The city’s inhabitants, consisting of both Jews and Gentiles, are those who were born again in her – (vv. 4-7) …

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