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Exodus 12 Study/Psalm 71 (72) Study/Message will come from Hebrews 10:36...ENDURANCE!!!

ALL ROADS LEAD TO CHRIST

CHRIST IS IN OUR MIDST

Exodus 12 Study Guide & Breakdown …


The Passover – (Exodus 12:1-28)


12 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without[a] blemish, a male [b]of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7 And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8 Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire—its head with its legs and its entrails. 10 You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11 And thus you shall eat it: [c]with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So, you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover.

12 ‘For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

14 ‘So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance. 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that [d]person shall be [e]cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat—that only may be prepared by you. 17 So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your [f]armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore, you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance. 18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families and kill the Passover lamb. 22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssops, dip it in the blood that is in the basin and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning. 23 For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the [g]lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you. 24 And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever. 25 It will come to pass when you come to the land which the Lord will give you, just as He promised, that you shall keep this service. 26 And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 that you shall say, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’” So, the people bowed their heads and worshiped. 28 Then the children of Israel went away and did so; just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn


29 And it came to pass at midnight that the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was [h]in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock. 30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.


The Exodus


31 Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the Lord as you have said. 32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.”

33 And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” 34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. 35 Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing. 36 And the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus, they plundered the Egyptians.

37 Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children. 38 A mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds—a great deal of livestock. 39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves.

40 Now the [i]sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in [j]Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years—on that very same day—it came to pass that all the armies of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It is a [k]night of solemn observance to the Lord for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the Lord, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.


Passover Regulations


43 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it. 44 But every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it. 45 A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it. 46 In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, nor shall you break one of its bones. 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48 And when a stranger [l]dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it. 49 One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you.”

50 Thus all the children of Israel did; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. 51 And it came to pass, on that very same day, that the Lord brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt according to their armies.


NOTES




12:2: The Law of Moses commanded that Pascha – (or Passover) be celebrated in the BEGINNING OF MONTHS … THE FIRST MONTH OF THE YEAR … But the Lord came down “at the end of the ages” – (Hebrews 9:26), and He is “the end of the Law” – (Romans 10:4); therefore, he established a different day – (AthanG) – Athanasius the Great




Hebrews 9:26: He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, he has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself …


Romans 10:4: For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes …


12:3: The Lord’s commandment through Moses was the type, for a lamb was commanded to be sacrificed … But the Incarnate Lord did not command such thing, for He became the command itself by offering Himself as the Sacrifice to the Father – (JohnChr) – St. John Chrysostom


12:7: The two doorposts speak of our heart and its vision and action about the New Covenant made in Christ’s Blood, that we might be crucified with Him and rise to be glorified and reign with Him, both now and at His Second Coming – (GrgTheo) – Gregory the Theologian


12:10, 46: Not a bone of Christ’s Body was broken – (John 19:33, 36), which fulfilled this commandment concerning Pascha – (see also Numbers 9:12) … We see the strong connection between the type and the reality – (JohnChr) – St. John Chrysostom


John 19:33: But when they came to Jesus and saw He was already dead, they did not break His legs …


John 19:36: For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken … “


Numbers 9:12: They shall leave nothing of it until morning, nor break one of its bones … According to all the ordinances of the Passover they shall keep it …


12:11: The haste in eating the Lord’s Pascha speaks of sojourning … We are also to eat the Lord’s Eucharist as sojourners – (JohnChr), for “we look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come “ (Nicene Creed) … Originally, Passover was called “The Lord’s Pascha”, but later it was called “The Jews’ Pascha” – (see, John 6:4), because they denied the Lord who fulfilled the type (AthanG) – Athanasius the Great


John 6:4: Now the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near …


12:13: Death would not touch Israel because of the blood … Christ’s Blood destroyed death and delivers His Church from the same – (Hebrews 2:14, 15) … The firstborn was preserved by God from being touched by the destroyer to show that we who were made alive in Christ no longer die in Adam – (BasilG) – Basil the Great


Hebrews 2:14-15: Inasmuch then as children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage …



12:14: This eternal memorial is fulfilled in Christ, who said the Eucharist is to be eaten “in remembrance of Me “– (1Corinthians 11:24-25; and JohnChr) …


1 Corinthians 11:24-25: and He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me … “In the same manner He also took the cup after supper saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My Blood … This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me … “


12:16: Servile work: the things necessary to life done during the Feast of Unleavened Bread … But now we are to keep the feast our entire lives: “Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth “– (1Corinthians 5:8) …


12:22: The hyssop speaks of Christ’s garments that were whiter than snow in the Resurrection, and of the purity bestowed by the remission of sins in baptism – (AmbM) – (see also Psalm 51:9) …


Hyssop – In the OT was used to sprinkle blood as part of the Jewish Passover …


Hyssop – also has medical properties – it is considered a stimulant, carminative and expectorant and is used for colds, coughs congestion and any lung complaints and associated issues … Turning this herb into a tea is the best effective way to use it …


Psalm 51:9: You shall sprinkle me with hyssop, and I will be cleansed; You shall wash me, and I will be made whiter than snow …


12:23, 26, 27: Christ’s Paschal sacrifice saves us from death, for He trampled down death by His death and bestowed life on those in the grave … The Eucharistic cup, His precious blood saves us from death …


12:30: A great cry arose throughout the land of Egypt because they had no hope beyond this life and were without God in this world – (Ephesians 2:12) …


Ephesians 2:12: that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world …


12:33: The Egyptians lived under fear of death – (Hebrews 2:15) …


Hebrews 2:15: and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage …


12:38, 48: A mixed multitude of Gentiles also went with Israel because they also believed … But those who wished to partake of Pascha had to be circumcised … Similarly, baptism is the door to the Eucharist …


PSALM 71 (72) Study Guide & Breakdown


Psalm 71 (72) Is a prophecy concerning SOLOMON, who is Christ Himself, the King of Peace, for the name “SOLOMON” means “PEACE” … And the Father (GOD) gave all judgements to Him – (v. 1; see also john 5:22), and in the world to come – (FOREVER AND UNTO THE AGES OF AGES), ALL THE EARTH SHALL BE FILLED WITH HIS GLORY – (v. 19) …


CLOSING …


HEBREWS 10:36


FOR YOU HAVE NEED OF ENDURANCE, SO THAT AFTER YOU HAVE DONE THE WILL OF GOD, YOU MAY RECEIVE THE PROMISE:


Wow this verse is extremely fitting right now … The people of Israel had to preserve or endure having high hopes and faith, and trusting 100 % in Moses hoping he would help lead them to freedom and out of bondage … Our daily lives are the same way and even our lives without God, we are like lost sheep wandering about until he finally say Lord Jesus Christ Son of God have mercy on the sinner … Turning from a life of sin that leads us to being cut off from God is a life choice that needs commitment to stay on the right track … Daily I crucify the old guy and put on the new guy, I’m constantly in prayer for guidance to help me overcome my own fears and perceptions … Our lives in Christ our just that lives on endurance and preserving to the end, keeping ourselves in the ways of Christ and each day doing what we do with extreme love and compassion, and one day we will receive our promise of eternal life … JUST STAY THE COURSE!!!











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