Good morning. Great is His faithfulness.
Daniel 3.26,27 .
Blessed are you, O Lord, the God of our fathers.
Verse: For you are just in all you have done.
The Road to Emmaus
13 Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was [a]seven miles from Jerusalem. 14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 15 So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them. 16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.
17 And He said to them, “What kind of conversation isthis that you have with one another as you [b]walk and are sad?”
18 Then the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said to Him, “Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which happened there in these days?”
19 And He said to them, “What things?”
So they said to Him, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, 20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned to death, and crucified Him. 21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened. 22 Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early, astonished us. 23 When they did not find His body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said He was alive. 24 And certain of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but Him they did not see.”
25 Then He said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?” 27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He [c]expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
The Disciples’ Eyes Opened
28 Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He [d]indicated that He would have gone farther. 29 But they constrained Him, saying, “Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent.” And He went in to stay with them.
30 Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. 31 Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight.
32 And they said to one another, “Did not our heart burn within us while He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?” 33 So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and those who were with them gathered together, 34 saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!” 35 And they told about the things that had happened on the road, and how He was [e]known to them in the breaking of bread.
(v. 13): THE TWO OF THEM is Cleopas - (v. 18), and according to tradition, Luke himself. According to the notes of the Orthodox study Bible it was a common literary device for writers not give his own name - (sources, Mark 14:51; and John 21:24).
Mark 14:51: A Young Man Flees Naked
51 Now a certain young man followed Him, having a linen cloth thrown around his naked body. And the young men laid hold of him, 52 and he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked.
John 21:24: 24 This is the disciple who testifies of these things, and wrote these things; and we know that his testimony is true.
(v. 16): The nature of the resurrected body is different from its previous state and is not immediately recognizable, and it can take on different forms and which is occurring here. THEIR EYES WERE RESTRAINED: Christ intentionally is preventing them from recognizing Him, so He can expose their doubting thoughts and than cure them using the OT Scriptures- (as we see in v. 27, other sources John 20:14; John 21:4; and 1Corinthians 15:35-44; and also Mark 16:12).
John 20:14: Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.
John 21:4: 4 But when the morning had now come, Jesus stood on the shore; yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus.
1 Corinthians 15:35-44: A Glorious Body
35 But someone will say, “How are the dead raised up? And with what body do they come?” 36 Foolish one, what you sow is not made alive unless it dies. 37 And what you sow, you do not sow that body that shall be, but mere grain—perhaps wheat or some other grain.38 But God gives it a body as He pleases, and to each seed its own body.
39 All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one kind[a]of flesh of men, another flesh of animals, another of fish, and another of birds.
40 There are also [b]celestial bodies and [c]terrestrial bodies; but the glory of the celestial is one, and the gloryof the terrestrial is another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs from another star in glory.
42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption. 43 It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
Mark 16:12: Jesus Appears to Two Disciples
12 After that, He appeared in another form to two of them as they walked and went into the country.
(v. 21): The disciplines hoped for redemption was still blinded by their own misunderstanding of the Messiah as a political savior or deliver. Christ death dashed this earthly hope to them as it was at that moment.
(v. 26-27): talking about the difference of partial faith and having full faith in Jesus being the Messiah the Son of God, and this ties into our notes above in v. 16.
(vv. 30-35): The Lord breaks bread in the same manner as the Last Supper. ( source Luke 22:19, and see my video for further discussion).
19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
(v.32): DID NOT OUR HEART BURN WITHIN US: This is the effect of hearing the Holy Scriptures taught correctly and with astound faith - (source 2 Timothy 2:15). This is a burning conviction that the words and the promises are indeed true.
2 Timothy 2:15: 15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
24 By faith Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the [a]passing pleasures of sin, 26 esteeming the [b]reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures [c]in Egypt; for he looked to the reward.
This passage is read on Sunday of Great Lent, called the Sunday of Orthodoxy.
32 And what more shall I say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gideon and Barak and Samson and Jephthah, also of David and Samuel and the prophets: 33 who through faith subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned to flight the armies of the aliens. 35 Women received their dead raised to life again.
Others were tortured, not accepting deliverance, that they might obtain a better resurrection. 36 Still others had trial of mockings and scourgings, yes, and of chains and imprisonment. 37 They were stoned, they were sawn in two, [a]were tempted, were slain with the sword. They wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented— 38 of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, in dens and caves of the earth.
39 And all these, having obtained a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise, 40 God having provided something better for us, that they should not be made perfect apart from us.
(v. 37): SAWN IN TWO: Some traditions say that Isaiah was killed in this manner by Manasseh. (some of my sources come from the Orthodox study Bible could be different depending on your Bible because of time see my video).
(v.38): CAVES: (sources 2 Maccabee's 6:11; and 10:6).
2 Maccabees 6:11: "Others who came together in the nearby caves to keep the seventh day secretly were betrayed to Philip and were all burned together, because they piously kept themselves from crying out for help on account of their regard for the most holy day."
2Maccabees 10:6: "They celebrated it for eight days with rejoicing, in the manner of the Feast of Tabernacle's, remembering how short time before they had spent the feast living in mountains and caves like wild animals."
(v. 40): see and read also Hebrews 9:15- Christ's Incarnation and all that He accomplished for us all in the flesh redeems the OT, saints, and everyone else who by faith participate in His Resurrection and in His Kingdom.
Philip and Nathanael
43 The following day Jesus wanted to go to Galilee, and He found Philip and said to him, “Follow Me.” 44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wrote—Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”
46 And Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?”
Philip said to him, “Come and see.”
47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him, and said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no deceit!”
48 Nathanael said to Him, “How do You know me?”
Jesus answered and said to him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
49 Nathanael answered and said to Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”
50 Jesus answered and said to him, “Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree,’ do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And He said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, hereafter[a] you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.”
(v. 47): NO DECEIT: means having a pure heart and being straightforward with others being a person of truth.
(vv. 48-50): We do not know what actually occurred under THE FIG TREE because it's not stated. St. John Chrysostom teaches that this was the meeting place of both Philip and Nathanael - ( see verse 45-46), and our Lord Jesus was praising Nathanael for being very diligent and careful in his search for the Messiah. It's clear that Jesus has the foreknowledge and the ability to see into the hearts of all including Nathanael. This stirs Nathanael to this confession of faith seen in (v. 49).
(v.51): THE TITLE SON OF MAN: readings from Daniel 7:13-14, and Genesis 28:12-15.
(Other sources that were used in today's study, 2Chronicles 24:20-22; Jeremiah 33:20-23; 2 Maccabees 6:18-31; Matthew 23:29-36) . Remember I use an Orthodox study Bible, there will be differences if your using a Protestant Bible. I'm always around so please reach out to me if you have questions.
“I was watching in the night visions,
And behold, One like the Son of Man,
Coming with the clouds of heaven!
He came to the Ancient of Days,
And they brought Him near before Him.
14 Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom,
That all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him.
His dominion is an everlasting dominion,
Which shall not pass away,
And His kingdom the one
Which shall not be destroyed.
Then he dreamed, and behold, a ladder was set up on the earth, and its top reached to heaven; and there the angels of God were ascending and descending on it.
13 And behold, the Lord stood above it and said: “I amthe Lord God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie I will give to you and your descendants. 14 Also your descendants shall be as the dust of the earth; you shall spread abroad to the west and the east, to the north and the south; and in you and in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed. 15 Behold, I am with you and will keep[a] you wherever you go, and will bring you back to this land; for I will not leave you until I have done what I have spoken to you.”
“The Lord bless you and keep you;
25 The Lord make His face shine upon you,
And be gracious to you;
26 The Lord [a]lift up His countenance upon you,
And give you peace.” ’
In Christ love Jared W Campbell