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Mark 12 & 13 Study & Breakdown/ Message About Love!!!


THE WICKED VINEDRESSERS- See also (Matthew 21:33-46; Luke 20:9-19)

Mark 12:1-12

12:1-12: See Luke 20:9-16: IN THIS PARABLE: THE MAN- represents God the Father, and the VINEYARD refers to God's people: THE VINDRESSERS are leaders of the Jews entrusted to care for the people: Each SERVANT (vv. 10-12) SENT by the owner is representing the OT prophet who comes to call the people back to God, while BELOVED SON (v. 13) Is referring to Christ Himself: When the SON is cast OUT OF THE VINEYARD (v. 15) TO BE KILLED, this can be understood in two ways (1): That Yeshua (Jesus) was killed outside Jerusalem; and (2) that Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified by foreign soldiers, and not by those of His own vineyard: THE OTHERS (v. 16) Who later receive the vineyard are the Gentiles brought to the Church!!! These Notes I took from my Luke Study!!!

TAXES TO CASEAR- See also (Matthew 22:15-22; Luke 20:20-26)

Mark 12:13-17

12:13-17: THE HERODIANS: were Jewish political supporters of the ruling house of Herod and the Great and willing servants of Rome: See my Matthew 22:15-22-Notes: 22:15-22: SEE AND READ-NOTES LUKE 20:20-26: The distinction between THINGS THAT ARE CAESAR'S AND THINGS THAT ARE GOD'S does not imply the division of a believer's life into the secular and the sacred: The Lord is Lord over all life, including the crazy secular world that is so insane and hypocritical: We, do however, fulfill governmental requirements that do not conflict with our first responsibility to the Lord our God- (Romans 13:1-7; see and also compare Acts 4:19; 5:29): Paying taxes and other civil duties does not conflict with overall holiness:

JESUS EXPLAINS THE RESURRECTION- See also (Matthew 22:23-33; Luke 20:27-40)

Mark 12:18-27

12:18: THE SADDUCEES- represent landowners and other wealthy families in Jerusalem: They held many high offices in Israel as well as controlling the temple and the Sanhedrin: They were different than the Pharisees in that they were politically prudent and adapted to the presence of the Romans: The Sadducees also interpreted the law even more rigidly than the Pharisees, unlike them, rejected the belief in angels and in the RESURRECTION from the dead at the end of the age: The Sadducees completely disappeared after the destruction of Jerusalem!!!- see (Matthew 22:23, 29):

THE GREATEST COMMANDMENT- See also (Matthew 22:34-40)

Mark 12:28-34

12:28-31: IN HIS RESPONSE TO ONE OF THE SCRIBES: Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:4-5: “Hear, O Israel: [a]The Lord our God, the Lord is one! 5 You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. The greatest Jewish confession of faith, called the "SHEMA" (meaning "HEAR" the first word of the confession): In (v. 31), He quotes (Lv 19:18), combining what is already present in the OT to create new understanding : Love our NEIGHBORS AS AN EXPRESSION OF GOD'S LOVE: See (Matthew 22:35-40):

DAVID'S SON AND LORD- See also (Matthew 22:41-46; Luke 20:41-44)- BEWARE OF THE SCRIBES- See also (Matthew 23:1-13; Luke 20:45-47)

Mark 12:35-38

12:35-37: Same as my Matthew 22:41-46-Notes: 22:41-46: CHRIST ASKS THIS QUESTION: To lead the Pharisees to the only logical conclusion: That He is God Incarnate: They thought the Messiah would be a man and replied that the Messiah would be the SON OF DAVID: David, as King of Israel, could not and

would not address anyone as "LORD" except God: In (Psalm 109:1), David refers to the Messiah as "LORD": Therefore, the Messiah must be God: The only possible conclusion is that the Messiah is a descendant of David only according to the flesh, also is truly divine, and sharing His LORDSHIP with God the Father and the Holy Spirit: The Pharisees do not ANSWER because they realized the implications and are afraid to confess Yeshua (Jesus) to be the Son of God- (see also and notes on Luke 20:41-44):

A POOR WIDOW GIVES ALL- See also (Luke 21:1-4)

Mark 12:41-44

12:41-44: ACCORDING TO EARLY SAINTS: The Lord accounts the value of a gift not by how much is given, but by how much is kept back: The POOR WIDOW is counted to have given a great gift, having kept nothing for herself: those who give OUT THEIR ADUNDANCE (v. 44) But keep plenty for themselves are counted by god to have given very little: (Acts 10:4)- We get a good example by seeing Cornelius here in Acts!!!


THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE- See also (Matthew 24:1-2; Luke 21:5-6)

Mark 13:1-2

13:1-2: CHRIST'S PROPHECY: was of the destruction of THE TEMPLE which was fulfilled in AD 70, when the temple was destroyed by the Romans- see also (Matthew 24):

THE BEGINNING OF SORROWS- See also (Matthew 24:3-14; Luke 21:7-19) & TRIBULATION IN JERUSALEM- See also (Matthew 24:15-28; Luke 21:20-24)

Mark 13:3-23

13:5-23: SEE MY NOTES AT MATTHEW 24:3-31: THE ACCOUNT OF THE END TIMES: is given here in a reverse parallel (or chiastic) form, the topics mentioned in the first half of the passage are repeated and amplified in reverse order in the second half: This passage both begins and ends with a warning to TAKE HEED about false Christ (vv. 5, 23): The second warning is about WARS (v. 7), while the second to last warning is about the TRIBULATION (v. 19): The third warning being given up TO COUNCILS (v. 9), while the third to last warning is also about being delivered up, this time by family members (v. 12); At the center of this discourse is the prophecy that THE GOSPEL MUST FIRST BE PREACHED TO ALL THE NATIONS (v. 10), which is at the heart of the apostolic ministry and mission of the Church (Matthew 28:19-20):

THE COMING OF THE SON OF MAN- See also (Matthew 24:29-31; Luke 21:25-28) & WHEN WILL HE RETURN- See also (Matthew 24:32-44; Luke 21:29-36)

Mark 13:24-37

13:30: THIS GENERATION: refers to all believers at all times (the generation of the Church) and just for the believers alive at the time of Christ: Christ's prophecy is that the Church will continue to thrive until He as in Christ is to Return- No matter how bad things get we must remain steadfast in faith just believe!!!

13:32: JESUS DECLARES THE SON DOES NOT KNOW THE DAY OR THE HOUR: of His Return- Early saints as in St. John Chrysostom teaches that this is not to be understood as literally, but as a figure of speech: The meaning is simply that Christ will not reveal the exact day to anyone, and believers should not be so quick and try and predict His Coming!!!

Message about Love!!!

1 Corinthians 13:4-5

4 Love suffers long and is kind; love does not envy; love does not parade itself, is not [a]puffed up; 5 does not behave rudely, does not seek its own, is not provoked, [b]thinks no evil; 6 does not rejoice in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth; 7 bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.

8 Love never fails. But whether there are prophecies, they will fail; whether there are tongues, they will cease; whether there is knowledge, it will vanish away.





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