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Introduction To the Book of Romans-Romans 1 Study Guide & Breakdown/Psalm 6 Study Guide!!!

OPENING PRAYER
"Man Shall not live by bread alone but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God"- Matthew 4:4- "My mother and brothers are those who hear the Word of God and do it" - Mark 8:21

Having received this day as a gift, I (We) thank You Holy Trinity, for through Your goodness and patience You were not wrathful with me (Us), and idler (s) and sinner (s), neither have You cast me (Us) down in my (Our)sins...But You have shown Your love towards me (us) and have guided me (us) to keep my (our) daily watch to glorify Your power...Enlighten my (our) mind (minds) to study Your teachings in Scripture...Help me (us) to apply what I (we) learn and to praise You with all my (our) heart and glorify Your Holy Name, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, now and forever...Amen!!!


Shine within my (our) hearts, loving Master, the pure Light of Your Divine Knowledge, and open the eyes of my mind that I may understand Your teachings...Instill in me (us) also reverence for Your Blessed commandments, so having conquered sinful desires I (we) may pursue a spiritual way of life, thinking and doing all those things that are pleasing to You...For You, Christ my God, are my light, and to You I (we) give, glory, together with Your Father and Your Holy Spirit, now and forever...Amen!!!

CHANT PSALM 23

INTO YOUR HANDS LORD YESHUA (JESUS CHRIST) WE COMMIT OUR SOULS AND BODIES, BLESS US AND HAVE MERCY ON US AND GRANT US ETERNAL LIFE!!!


INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF ROMANS


AUTHOR: Some of Paul's authorship of some of the epistles have been questioned, the Church has universally accepted St. Paul as the author of the Romans, but truthfully if people are actually studying and reading their Bibles lets us know everything I will point out the obvious as well move into the Book of Romans!!!

DATE: Romans was more than likely written in 55-57 AD during the latter part of Paul's third missionary journey- (ACTS 20:3-21:16)-Most likely while he was in Corinth...

MAJOR THEME: GOD'S righteousness revealed in Christ for salvation- (ROMANS 1:16-17): RIGHTEOUSNESS: is the basis of a faithful relationship between God and humanity...It's only through Christ we offered this living and growing relationship with Him leading to the heart of the Father in Heaven... THE DIFFERENT SUBTHEMES IN ROMANS: (1): The natural mortality and actual sinfulness of all- (Romans 1:18-3:20): (2): Salvation through Christ apart from the Mosaic Law- (Romans 3:21-4:25): (3): New life in Christ through Baptism- (Romans Chapters 5-7): (4): New Life in the Holy Spirit through chrismation- (Romans 8): (5): God's plan for Jews and Gentiles and their reconciliation in Christ- (Romans Chapters 9-11): (6): Christian life in the Church and in the world- Romans Chapters 12-16):

BACKGROUND: I will read the summary from my Bible it's really good-the Theologian who wrote that I doubt anyone else could state it much better!!!


ROMANS 1 STUDY GUIDE & BREAKDOWN

GREETING

ROMANS 1:1-7

1:1-4: ST. PAUL IS A BONDSERVANT: a slave to JESUS CHRIST: APOSTLE: one who is sent: THE GOSPEL OF GOD: the good news of salvation in Jesus Christ: this gospel fulfills what God PROMISED in the OT- (v. 2), which is realized in the Incarnation of the Son of God- (v. 3): This gospel also reveals the Trinity, for it is from God the Father- (v. 1), it concerns HIS SON- (v. 3), and it is ACCORDING TO THE SPIRIT- (v. 4):

1:3: JESUS CHRIST: is One Person with two natures: human and divine: His divine nature is from all of eternity and is revealed in that He is both God's SON AND THE LORD: His human nature is revealed in His being BORN OF THE SEED OF DAVID ACCORDING TO THE FLESH: He was conceived and born of the Virgin Mary while never ceasing to be God...

1:4: CHRIST'S REURRECTION: did not make Him the SON OF GOD, but rather DECLARED Him to be so: The truth of His divinity, which had been veiled from the world, is revealed fully in His Passion and Resurrection:

1:6: NEW BELIEVERS ARE CALLED: by the Church to a life of faith: It is not up to us to create the Church, for the Church existed before us: Instead, we called to enter the living historic Church OF JESUS CHRIST AS SHE EXISTS TODAY:

1:7: CALLED TO BE SAINTS: refers to the present time, it is not something limited to the future: In the NT, all who are true Christians are saints even while they live- (see MY NOTES ACTS 16:1-2; See also Ephesians 1:1; and Ephesians 3:8, Philippians 1:1, Colossians 1:2; 2 Thessalonians 1:10; and Jude 3): From among all the saints, meaning those set apart to God, the Church canonizes or glorifies certain exemplary saints as having lived such dedicated and faithful lives that they are worthy for us to follow and imitate -(1 Corinthians 11:1): (see also my notes at Acts 9:32):


DESIRE TO VISIT ROME

ROMANS 1:8-15

1:8-12: ST. PAUL: shows a pastoral concern for all Roman Christians even though he was not the founder of the Church of Rome: He thanks GOD FOR THEM (v. 8), prays ALWAYS for them daily- (v. 9), and longs to SEE THEM (v. 11):

1:11: PAUL HAD NOT YET VISITED ROME: when He wrote this letter: The epistle written contains the core apostolic doctrine essential for the foundation of a local community: For this reason, the Church reads Romans immediately following the Pentecost, the season in which we celebrate the spread of the gospel from Jerusalem to the ends of the world...

1:13: PAUL WAS HINDERED: in coming to Rome because of his missionary work AMONG THE OTHER GENTILES...Though Paul's personal desire was to go to Rome, he submitted to God's will by first accomplishing what God had planned for him in these other places...

1:14: BARBARIANS: are literally alien people, here those not culturally GREEK- (SEE Acts 28:2):


THE THEME: THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD THROUGH FAITH IN CHRIST

ROMANS 1:16-17

1:16: ST. PAUL IS NOT OF THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST: Setting the example for all believers-(see Luke 9:26):

1:17: THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD: is to be in a continuous state of communion with Him: Being right with God can only come and originate from God and through this process is accepted by mankind in faith: FROM FAITH TO FAITH: Is first receiving Jesus Chris as our Lord and savior, and then we are called to live with Him by that same faith... THE JUST SHALL LIVE BY FAITH: is one of the passages of the OT-(Hab 2:4) most quoted in the NT, showing the harmony between both testaments and summarizes the theme of Romans: faith is a way of life...The righteous-(just means righteous) are those who not only believe, but to live righteously in accordance with their faith...


JUDGEMENT OF SINNING HUMANITY

ROMANS 1:18-32

1:18: THE WRATH OF GOD: is His righteous and holy judgement: It is not a loss of temper or self-control, but the revelation of His divine truth, love, and power confronting those who reject Him (See- Matthew 25:41-46; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10; and 2 Thessalonians 2:8):

1:20: ALL HUMANITY CAN RECOGNIZE NATURAL REVELATION: that is, God's energy or POWER and His transcendence -(GODHEAD), by simply observing the glories of CREATION: So, the rejection of God cannot be excused by the claim of ignorance, for even "the heavens declare the glory of God;/ The firmament shows the creation of His hands" (PSALM 18:2):

1:21: HUMANITY BY NATURE WORSHIPS: Some chose by seeking to worship the Creator, while others instead chose to worship the creation over the Divine Creator...Being fully human is giving glory and thanks to the One true God: Those who refuse to worship Him become DARKENED IN THEIR HEARTS...

1:26-27: HOMOSEXUAL BEHAVIOR, MEN WITH MEN, IS A VILE REJECTION OF GOD'S ORDER FOR CREATION: these PASSIONS are AGAINST NATURE and therefore spiritually devastating: ERROR means delusion!!!

1:29-32: WHILE SEXUAL IMMORTALITY: is not the only way man is given over to UNRIGHTEOUSNESS, it is often more destructive than other sins and so receives specific attention here- (see- 1 Corinthians 6:12-20): Those who focus only on sexual sins fail to see that all sin separates man from God and leads to destruction: COVET

OUSNESS is a sinful passion directly opposite the virtue of thankfulness- it is being unsatisfied with the blessings already received and having an insatiable desire for more: MURDER also includes hatred towards another- (Matthew 5:21-22): WHISPERERS: are people who gossip: INVENTORS OF EVIL THINGS are those who cooperate with the devil to discover new forms of wickedness: THOSE WHO APPROVE -(v. 32) of sins such as homosexual behavior, greed, and rebellion against parents are as guilty as those who commit them...


PSALM 6 STUDY GUIDE & BREAKDOWN

PSALM 6

PSALM-6 O Lord, do not rebuke me in Your anger, Nor chasten me in Your hot displeasure. 2 Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am weak; O Lord, heal me, for my bones are troubled. 3 My soul also is greatly troubled; But You, O Lord—how long?

4 Return, O Lord, deliver me! Oh, save me for Your mercies’ sake! 5 For in death there is no remembrance of You; In the grave who will give You thanks?

6 I am weary with my groaning; [b]All night I make my bed swim; I drench my couch with my tears. 7 My eye wastes away because of grief; It grows old because of all my enemies.

8 Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity; For the Lord has heard the voice of my weeping. 9 The Lord has heard my supplication; The Lord will receive my prayer. 10 Let all my enemies be ashamed and greatly troubled; Let them turn back and be ashamed suddenly


PSALM 6: TEACHES THE CHURCH: The spirit of humility the faithful should have when they pray, "Lord, have mercy, for this petition is repeated again and again in the services of worship: This spirit of humility is characterized by- (1): A REQUEST FOR MERCY, rather than a stern reproof and discipline because of our sins- (v. 1); (2): A RECOGNITION OF THE WEAKNESS and frailty of our mortal nature- (vv. 3, 4); (3): A REQUEST FOR DELIVERANCE AND SALVATION- (vv. 5, 6); (4): A CONTRITE SPIRIT, characterized by tears and the need for help with respect to sinful passions- (vv. 7, 8); and (5): A FIRM STAND AGAINST THE FALLEN ANGELS: and the Lord's needed help in this warfare- (vv. 9-11):


OVER THE PAST FEW DAYS I HAVE SEEN THE TIME 6:51 PM-

GREEK- ἀποστολήapostolḗ, ap-os-tol-ay'; from G649; commission, i.e. (specially) apostolate:—apostleship.

Verses- (Acts 1:25; Romans 1:5; 1 Corinthians 9:2; Galatians 2:8)


ROMANS 1:5: Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name,


HEBREW- אָפֵלʼâphêl, aw-fale'; from an unused root meaning to set as the sun; dusky:—very dark.

Verse- (Amos 5:20)


AMOS 5:20: Is not the day of the LORD darkness, and not light?

Is it not very dark, with no brightness in it?

-This passage is talking of the Sun of Righteousness starting back at verse 8 it rises in the morning and transforms (v. 8) the repentant souls from death into life...But on the day of the Lord, those who flee God will be plunged into the very darkness (v. 20) that they love so much- (see also John 3:19-21):


MESSAG: THE DARKNESS IS RISING SO WE NEED MORE APOSTLES TO GET COMMISSIONED IN THE WAYS OF CHRIST- WE NEED TO SAVE SOULS SOTHEY AREN'T PLUNGED INTO ETERNAL DARKNESS!!!

END WITH THE LORD'S PRAYER- LET'S DEPART IN PEACE IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!!!

JPCE SPIRITUAL TALK

NEVER HOLD BACK

THE LORD IS MY SHEPHERD

JEHOVAH SHALOM!!!

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