Genesis 5 Study - (vv. 1-32) "The Descendants of Adam" ...
Genesis 5 Study – “The Descendants of Adam”
The Family of Adam – The Descendants of Adam
5 This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God. 2 He created them male and female and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created. 3 And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth. 4 After he begot Seth, the days of Adam were eight hundred years; and he had sons and daughters. 5 So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years; and he died.
6 Seth lived one hundred and five years, and begot Enosh. 7 After he begot Enosh, Seth lived eight hundred and seven years, and had sons and daughters. 8 So all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years; and he died.
9 Enosh lived ninety years, and begot [a]Cainan. 10 After he begot Cainan, Enosh lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and had sons and daughters. 11 So all the days of Enosh were nine hundred and five years; and he died.
12 Cainan lived seventy years, and begot Mahalalel. 13 After he begot Mahalalel, Cainan lived eight hundred and forty years, and had sons and daughters. 14 So all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years; and he died.
15 Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, and begot Jared. 16 After he begot Jared, Mahalalel lived eight hundred and thirty years, and had sons and daughters. 17 So all the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred and ninety-five years; and he died.
18 Jared lived one hundred and sixty-two years, and begot Enoch. 19 After he begot Enoch, Jared lived eight hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 20 So all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years; and he died.
21 Enoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Methuselah. 22 After he begot Methuselah, Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 23 So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. 24 And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.
25 Methuselah lived one hundred and eighty-seven years, and begot Lamech. 26 After he begot Lamech, Methuselah lived seven hundred and eighty-two years, and had sons and daughters. 27 So all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred and sixty-nine years; and he died.
28 Lamech lived one hundred and eighty-two years and had a son. 29 And he called his name Noah,[b] saying, “This one will comfort us concerning our work and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord has cursed.” 30 After he begot Noah, Lamech lived five hundred and ninety-five years, and had sons and daughters. 31 So all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy-seven years; and he died.
32 And Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah begot Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
Notes Genesis 5 Study – (vv. 1-32)
5:1-2: Here, Genesis refers to itself a second time … First was in Genesis 2:4 it calls itself “the book of Genesis of heaven and earth” … HERE IT IS THE BOOK OF GENESIS OF MANKIND … Creation has a beginning of existence and an end … This does not mean creation will come to an end … Rather, its beginning points to its end purpose – The Incarnation of God and the Word … Man’s very existence foreshadows His coming in the flesh to draw to the Father all who will come …
4 This is the [a]history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens,
Genesis 2:4 – “My Orthodox Study Bible notice the difference, and why???
This is the book of the genesis of heaven and earth when they were made, in the day the Lord God made heaven and earth,
5:3: Seth was begotten from Adam and Eve … This threefold relationship illustrates, to a certain extent, the Holy Trinity … Adam had no human father … He was begotten by no one … So, he was unbegotten … Seth was begotten from Adam … Eve was neither unbegotten nor begotten … Instead, she proceeded from Adam – (Genesis 2:21) … Therefore, Eve and Seth were related to the unbegotten Adam, but each in a unique manner – Eve proceeded from Adam, but Seth was begotten from him … Each person had his or her own distinct and unique properties – unbegotten, begotten, and proceeding – but all three possessed the same human nature …
Similarly, the way these three existed images of the Holy Trinity … God the Father is Unbegotten; God the Son is Begotten from the Father; and God the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father … These distinct and unique properties – unbegotten, begotten, and proceeding – distinguish each of the individual Persons of the Holy Trinity from each other; yet they are one in nature – (JohnDm) …
21 And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh in its place
Genesis 2:21 – Orthodox Study Bible – Note the differences again why???
Thus, God brought a trance upon Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and filled up the flesh in its place …
5:4-28: This passage focuses on the genealogy of Christ – (Luke 3:23-38) and the reality of death and decay in the grave – the debt man owed to the broken commandment in the Garden of Eden … The Word became flesh to abolish death and decay through His death and Resurrection, and to release man from the debt he owed – (AthanG) …
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
23 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, 27 the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son of Mattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.
- The genealogy of Jesus follows Joseph’s ancestry, even though Jesus was only supposed to be the SON of Joseph but was in fact humanly descended from Mary only … This is explained in two complementary ways: (1): Joseph was a righteous man and would have married within his tribe – thus Mary and Joseph would have largely shared a common lineage; (2): Jesus was born to bring all mankind into adoption by the Father, and so He affirms that a lineage of adoption is as binding and receives the same inheritance as a lineage of blood – (Galatians 4:4-7) …
4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born[a] of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.
6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, [b]“Abba, Father!” 7 Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir [c]of God [d]through Christ.
5:29-32: Noah is born into Incarnational history, and he is a key ancestor in Christ’s genealogy – (Luke 3:36), for the next several chapters focus on him and his family … Lamech named his son Noah, and as Genesis 5:29 points out, this name means “to give rest” … For he would give them REST FROM OUR WORK AND THE TOIL OF OUR HANDS, BECAUSE OF THE GROUND THE LORD GOD CURSED … In this meaning, Noah is a type of Christ, who said, “Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest “– (Matthew 11:28) …
36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,
29 And he called his name Noah,[a] saying, “This one will comfort us concerning our work and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord has cursed.”
28 Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.