Genesis 22 Study – “Abraham Offers Isaac” – “The Children of Nahor” – (vv. 1-24)
Abraham’s Faith Confirmed
22 Now it came to pass after these things that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!”
And he said, “Here I am.”
2 Then He said, “Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.”
3 So Abraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son; and he split the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. 4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted his eyes and saw the place afar off. 5 And Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey; the [a]lad and I will go yonder and worship, and we will come back to you.”
6 So Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife, and the two of them went together. 7 But Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, “My father!”
And he said, “Here I am, my son.”
Then he said, “Look, the fire and the wood, but where is the [b]lamb for a burnt offering?”
8 And Abraham said, “My son, God will provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering.” So, the two of them went together.
9 Then they came to the place of which God had told him. And Abraham built an altar there and placed the wood in order; and he bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, upon the wood. 10 And Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.
11 But the Angel of the Lord called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!”
So, he said, “Here I am.”
12 And He said, “Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now, I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”
13 Then Abraham lifted his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a ram caught in a thicket by its horns. So, Abraham went and took the ram, and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 And Abraham called the name of the place, [c]The-Lord-Will-Provide; as it is said to this day, “In the Mount of the Lord it shall be provided.”
15 Then the Angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time out of heaven, 16 and said: “By Myself I have sworn, says the Lord, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son— 17 blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies. 18 In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.” 19 So Abraham returned to his young men, and they rose and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.
The Family of Nahor
20 Now it came to pass after these things that it was told Abraham, saying, “Indeed Milcah also has borne children to your brother Nahor: 21 Huz his firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel the father of Aram, 22 Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 23 And Bethuel begot [d]Rebekah. These eight Milcah bore to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. 24 His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore Tebah, Gaham, Thahash, and Maachah.
Notes Genesis 22 Study – (vv. 1-24)
22:1: God the Word tested Abraham – (AthanG) …
22:2: The Word is the Son of God, and by calling Isaac Abraham’s BELOVED SON, He is teaching Abraham concerning His eternal birth from God the Father – (AthanG) … For He is “the Only-begotten from the Father” – (CREED) … He is also teaching Abraham that He Himself would be offered up as A WHOLE BURNT OFFERING for the world’s salvation, and be raised from the dead …
22:3: Abraham’s faith was tested big time to the point of sacrificing his own son, and he obeyed the Son of God … Such faith and obedience made Abraham righteous and friend of God – (James 2:22-23) …
22 Do you see that faith was working together with his works, and by works faith was made [a]perfect? 23 And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “Abraham believed God, and it was [b]accounted to him for righteousness.” And he was called the friend of God.
22:12: Abraham received Isaac back alive … This was prefiguring the Resurrection of Christ and the future resurrection from the dead, in which Abraham believed – (Hebrews 11:19) …
19 concluding that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead, from which he also received him in a figurative sense.
22:14-15: THE ANGEL OF THE LORD is the Son of God, and He appeared to Abraham … THE LORD is God the Father …
22:16: Abraham and Abimelech counseled together and swore by the greater, namely, by the name – (Genesis 21:23-24) … The seven ewe lambs confirmed the oath, and Abraham named the place the WELL OF OATH … So, they were reconciled … However, God cannot swear by anyone greater; therefore, He swore by Himself … he confirmed the oath by His Lamb, the Son of God, through whom God’s eternal covenant is established – (Hebrews 6:13-20) … The Well of Oath foreshadows the reconciliation to man to God through Christ Jesus …
23 Now therefore, swear[a] to me by God that you will not deal falsely with me, with my offspring, or with my posterity; but that according to the kindness that I have done to you, you will do to me and to the land in which you have dwelt.”
24 And Abraham said, “I will swear.”
God’s Infallible Purpose in Christ
13 For when God made a promise to Abraham, because He could swear by no one greater, He swore by Himself, 14 saying, “Surely blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply you.” 15 And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise. 16 For men indeed swear by the greater, and an oath for confirmation is for them an end of all dispute. 17 Thus God, determining to show more abundantly to the heirs of promise the [a]immutability of His counsel, [b]confirmed it by an oath, 18 that by two [c]immutable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we [d]might have strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before us.
19 This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil, 20 where the forerunner has entered for us, even Jesus, having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.
22:17: Abraham’s seed would be AS THE STARS OF HEAVEN AND AS THE SAND ON THE SEASHORE … These are Abraham’s seed based on the word of promise … This seed is Christ and His Church begotten from Him – (Galatians 3:16) … It does not refer to Israel according to the flesh … It refers to both Jews and Gentiles who are the children of the promise …
16 Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.