Genesis 19-20 Study - "The Wickedness of Sodom", "The Son of Lot" & "Abraham and Abimelech" ...
Genesis 19 Study – “The Wickedness of Sodom” & “The Sons of Lot” – (vv. 1 – 38)
The Wickedness of Sodom
19 Now the two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them, and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground. 2 And he said, “Here now, my lords, please turn in to your servant’s house and spend the night and wash your feet; then you may rise early and go on your way.”
And they said, “No, but we will spend the night in the open square.”
3 But he insisted strongly; so, they turned in to him and entered his house. Then he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.
4 Now before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both old and young, all the people from every quarter, surrounded the house. 5 And they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may know them carnally.”
6 So Lot went out to them through the doorway, shut the door behind him, 7 and said, “Please, my brethren, do not do so wickedly! 8 See now, I have two daughters who have not known a man; please, let me bring them out to you, and you may do to them as you wish; only do nothing to these men, since this is the reason, they have come under the shadow of my roof.”
9 And they said, “Stand back!” Then they said, “This one came in to [a]stay here, and he keeps acting as a judge; now we will deal worse with you than with them.” So, they pressed hard against the man Lot, and came near to break down the door. 10 But the men reached out their hands and pulled Lot into the house with them and shut the door. 11 And they struck the men who were at the doorway of the house with blindness, both small and great, so that they became weary trying to find the door.
12 Then the men said to Lot, “Have you anyone else here? Son-in-law, your sons, your daughters, and whomever you have in the city—take them out of this place! 13 For we will destroy this place, because the outcry against them has grown great before the face of the Lord, and the Lord has sent us to destroy it.”
14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters, and said, “Get up, get out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city!” But to his sons-in-law he seemed to be joking.
15 When the morning dawned, the angels urged Lot to hurry, saying, “Arise, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you be consumed in the punishment of the city.” 16 And while he lingered, the men took hold of his hand, his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters, the Lord being merciful to him, and they brought him out and set him outside the city. 17 So it came to pass, when they had brought them outside, that [b]he said, “Escape for your life! Do not look behind you nor stay anywhere in the plain. Escape to the mountains, lest you be [c]destroyed.”
18 Then Lot said to them, “Please, no, my lords! 19 Indeed now, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have increased your mercy which you have shown me by saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, lest some evil overtake me, and I die. 20 See now, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one; please let me escape there (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.”
21 And he said to him, “See, I have favored you concerning this thing also, in that I will not overthrow this city for which you have spoken. 22 Hurry, escape there. For I cannot do anything until you arrive there.”
Therefore the name of the city was called [d]Zoar.
23 The sun had risen upon the earth when Lot entered Zoar. 24 Then the Lord rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the Lord out of the heavens. 25 So He [e]overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.
26 But his wife looked back behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.
27 And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 28 Then he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain; and he saw, and behold, the smoke of the land which went up like the smoke of a furnace. 29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew the cities in which Lot had dwelt.
The Descendants of Lot
30 Then Lot went up out of Zoar and dwelt in the mountains, and his two daughters were with him; for he was afraid to dwell in Zoar. And he and his two daughters dwelt in a cave. 31 Now the firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man on the earth to come into us as is the custom of all the earth. 32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve the [f]lineage of our father.” 33 So they made their father drink wine that night. And the firstborn went in and lay with her father, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
34 It happened on the next day that the firstborn said to the younger, “Indeed I lay with my father last night; let us make him drink wine tonight also, and you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve the [g]lineage of our father.” 35 Then they made their father drink wine that night also. And the younger arose and lay with him, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
36 Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father. 37 The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab; he is the father of the Moabites to this day. 38 And the younger, she also bore a son and called his name Ben-Ammi; he is the father of the people of Ammon to this day.
Notes Genesis 19 Study – (vv. 1 – 38)
19:1: The Holy Spirit through the prophet Moses calls two of the three men ANGELS … When they arrived in Sodom, they met Lot at the city gate …
19:2: Lot paid the angels due respect by calling them LORDS, but he did not worship them, for they were created beings …
19:13: The third man was the Lord, the Son of God, and He sent the other two to Sodom to destroy it …
19:16: He also came to Sodom after He finished talking to Abraham … By His mercy – (THE LORD BEING MERCIFUL), His two angels seized the hands of Lot, his wife, and two daughters and brought them outside the city …
19:18: Lot spoke to all three men, but prayed to the Lord in particular …
19:21: The Lord granted his request – (I HAVE ACQUIESCED TO YOU) to escape to a small city. Called Zoar … The Son is the Will of The Father; thus, He said, “I WILL NOT OVERTHROW THIS CITY” … The Son is also the Word, Wisdom, and Power of the Father – (John 1:1-3 and 1Corinthians 1:24) …
The Eternal Word
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.
24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.
19:22: The Lord can do anything He wills to do … But He would not destroy Sodom before Lot arrived in Zoar …
19:22-24: During the Great Lent, The Church sings, “O my soul, flee like Lot to the mountain, and take refuge in Zoar before it is too late … Flee from the flames, my soul, flee from the burning heat of Sodom, flee from destruction by the fire of God … “
19:24: THE LORD RAINED BRIMSTONE AND FIRE … FROM THE LORD OUT OF HEAVEN, that is, the Son rained brimstone and fire from the Father – (AthanG, BasilG, AmbM, and HilryP) … Both have the name “Lord” because of their equality and oneness of Lordship … For in their essence, the Two are One and undivided – (Creed) … The Holy Spirit, who spoke this Scripture through the prophet Moses, is also one in lordship with the Father and the Son, for the Creed says, “I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord … who proceeds from the Father … “The destruction of Sodom and the adjoining city of Gomorrah is a warning to the ungodly concerning the Day of Judgement – (2Peter 2:6, 9; Jude 7) …
6 and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly;
9 then the Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations and to reserve the unjust under punishment for the day of judgment,
7 as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities around them in a similar manner to these, having given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, suffering the [d]vengeance of eternal fire.
19:26: In Luke 17:28-33, the Lord commanded us to remember Lot’s wife, for she lost her life because she turned back in disobedience to the Lord …
28 Likewise as it was also in the days of Lot: They ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built; 29 but on the day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. 30 Even so will it be in the day when the Son of Man is revealed.
31 “In that day, he who is on the housetop, and his [a]goods are in the house, let him not come down to take them away. And likewise, the one who is in the field, let him not turn back. 32 Remember Lot’s wife. 33 Whoever seeks to save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life will preserve it.
Genesis 20 Study – “Abraham and Abimelech “– (vv. 1-18)
20:1: Abraham was a sojourner because he waited for “the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God” – (Hebrews 11:10) … The Creed calls this city “the world to come” … Abraham believed he would be raised from the dead to dwell in his true city …
10 for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.
20:2: The city of Gerar was not Abraham’s true city, for it was given to idolatry … The Gerarites worshiped the god dragon – (3Kg 5:2) and the goddess Ashtaroth – (3Kg 31:10) … But when the Son of God became Incarnate, and the word of the gospel went out to Gerar, idolatry in that place was destroyed … A Church and monastery were established there … One of its bishops, Marcian, attended the Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon in AD 451 … Truly, the city embraced the faith of Abraham …