ALL ROADS LEAD TO CHRIST
CHRIST IS IN OUR MIDST
EXODUS 34 Study Guide & Breakdown
Moses Makes New Tablets
34 And the Lord said to Moses, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke. 2 So be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me there on the top of the mountain. 3 And no man shall come up with you, and let no man be seen throughout all the mountains; let neither flocks nor herds feed before that mountain.”
4 So he cut two tablets of stone like the first ones. Then Moses rose early in the morning and went up Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him; and he took in his hand the two tablets of stone.
5 Now the Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there and proclaimed the name of the Lord. 6 And the Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in goodness and truth, 7 keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation.”
8 So Moses made haste and bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped. 9 Then he said, “If now I have found grace in Your sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray, go among us, even though we are a stiff-necked[a] people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance.”
The Covenant Renewed
10 And He said: “Behold, I make a covenant. Before all your people I will do [b]marvels such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation; and all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the Lord. For it is an awesome thing that I will do with you. 11 Observe what I command you this day. Behold, I am driving out from before you the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. 12 Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you are going, lest it be a snare in your midst. 13 But you shall destroy their altars, break their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images 14 (for you shall worship no other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God), 15 lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they play the harlot with their gods and make sacrifice to their gods, and one of them invites you and you eat of his sacrifice, 16 and you take of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters play the harlot with their gods and make your sons play the harlot with their gods.
17 “You shall make no molded gods for yourselves.
18 “The Feast of Unleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out from Egypt.
19 “All [c]that open the womb are Mine, and every male firstborn among your livestock, whether ox or sheep. 20 But the firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb. And if you will not redeem him, then you shall break his neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem.
“And none shall appear before Me empty-handed.
21 “Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.
22 “And you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end.
23 “Three times in the year all your men shall appear before the Lord, the Lord God of Israel. 24 For I will cast out the nations before you and enlarge your borders; neither will any man covet your land when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year.
25 “You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leaven, nor shall the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover be left until morning.
26 “The first of the firstfruits of your land you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
27 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28 So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the [d]Ten Commandments.
The Shining Face of Moses
29 Now it was so, when Moses came down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the Testimony were in Moses’ hand when he came down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him. 30 So when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and they were afraid to come near him. 31 Then Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him; and Moses talked with them. 32 Afterward all the children of Israel came near, and he gave them as commandments all that the Lord had spoken with him on Mount Sinai. 33 And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil on his face. 34 But whenever Moses went in before the Lord to speak with Him, he would take the veil off until he came out; and he would come out and speak to the children of Israel whatever he had been commanded. 35 And whenever the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone, then Moses would put the veil on his face again, until he went in to speak with Him.
NOTES EXODUS 34 – (vv. 5, 6-7, 9 & 11, 14, & 29-35)
34:5: The Lord who DESCENDED IN THE CLOUD is the Only begotten Lord, and He CALLED UPON THE NAME OF THE LORD, who is the Father … So, the Son speaks of the Father …
34:6, 7: The Lord PROCLAIMED the Lord, that is, the Son and Word proclaimed the Father and revealed things concerning Him … For example, the Father is true, that, He is the True God … The Son and Word is “True God of True God” – (Nicene Creed) …
34:9, 11: Moses requested that the Lord Himself lead Israel to the promised land, and his prayer was answered … The Lord is the Angel of the Father, mentioned in the previous chapters … “ANGEL” means “MESSENGER”, for the Son is the Word of the Father … He interpreted the Father’s will through Moses to Israel …
34:14: The Word calls His Father A JEALOUS GOD … He does not mean the Father has passion in His nature … He uses “JEALOUS” by way of analogy with human nature … For, example as a loving Father is intolerant toward bad things happening to his children, so the loving Father is intolerant of the evil things that happen to His children when they go astray to worship other gods …
34:29-35: The glory of the Law that shone on Moses’ face was to point the Jews to Christ … But their hearts were hard; therefore, they were unable to look upon this glory … The Law was not the problem … The problem was their hardness of heart, which prevented them from seeing Christ in the Law … When, therefore, either a Jew or Gentile now to turns to Christ, he sees His glory not only in the Law, but also in the New Covenant – (2Corinthians 3; JohnChr) …
2 Corinthians 3 - Paul's Letter of Recommendation; Paul's Sufficiency: The Life-Giving Spirit; Paul's Ministry: The Glory of God; & Paul's Relationship with God ...
PSALM 92 (93) Study Guide & Breakdown
PSALM 92 (93) concerns THE DAY BEFORE THE SABBATH, WHEN THE EARTH WAS SETTLED – (v. 1) … The Sabbath is Saturday, the seventh day of creation … The day before this is Friday, the sixth day of creation … On the sixth day, The Holy Trinity created numerous living creatures, but especially man himself – (“when the earth was settled”, v. 1; see also Genesis 1:25-27) … God created man in His image and likeness … But man fell away from God, and Psalm (93) is about the renewal of this image and likeness … So, this psalm is THE PRAISE OF AN ode concerning this renewal – (v. 1) … THE LORD REIGNS … FROM OF OLD; … FROM EVERLASTING – (vv. 1, 2) … In His Incarnation – (CLOTHED AND GIRDED HIMSELF, v. 1), He PREPARED HIS THRONE in the hearts of the faithful – (v. 2) … At Pentecost, He sent the Holy Spirit – (THE RIVERS, vv. 3, 4; see also John 7:37-39) to renew us with the living waters of baptism … In these living waters the saints lift their VOICES in praise of the Holy Trinity … They also believe the Lord’s TESTIMONIES – (THE SCRIPTURES) and live in HOLINESS, which things are PROPER TO HIS HOUSE, The Church – (v. 5) …
25 And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over [a]all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.
37 On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.”39 But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those [a]believing in Him would receive; for the [b]Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
Luke 12:49: I came to send fire on the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled!
FIRE references the proclamation of the gospel and the gift of the Holy Spirit … This fire both enlivens the faithful and judges the faithless; it purifies virtues and destroys sin – (see also Luke 3:16; 1Corinthians 3:12-15) …
A great finish to our Exodus 34 Lesson go out and use your gift from the Holy Spirit and spread the Word and the Gospel to all!!!