ALL ROADS LEAD TO CHRIST
CHRIST IS IN OUR MIDST
EXODUS 33 Study Guide & Breakdown
The Command to Leave Sinai
33 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘To your descendants I will give it.’ 2 And I will send My Angel before you, and I will drive out the Canaanite and the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. 3 Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in your midst, lest I [a]consume you on the way, for you are a stiff-necked[b] people.”
4 And when the people heard this bad news, they mourned, and no one put on his ornaments. 5 For the Lord had said to Moses, “Say to the children of Israel, ‘You are a stiff-necked people. I could come up into your midst in one moment and consume you. Now therefore, take off your [c]ornaments, that I may know what to do to you.’ ” 6 So the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by Mount Horeb.
Moses Meets with the Lord
7 Moses took his tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp, and called it the tabernacle of meeting. And it came to pass that everyone who sought the Lord went out to the tabernacle of meeting which was outside the camp. 8 So it was, whenever Moses went out to the tabernacle, that all the people rose, and each man stood at his tent door and watched Moses until he had gone into the tabernacle. 9 And it came to pass, when Moses entered the tabernacle, that the pillar of cloud descended and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the Lord talked with Moses. 10 All the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the tabernacle door, and all the people rose and worshiped, each man in his tent door. 11 So the Lord spoke to Moses’ face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he would return to the camp, but his servant Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, did not depart from the tabernacle.
The Promise of God’s Presence
12 Then Moses said to the Lord, “See, You say to me, ‘Bring up this people.’ But You have not let me know whom You will send with me. Yet You have said, ‘I know you by name, and you have also found grace in My sight.’ 13 Now therefore, I pray, if I have found grace in Your sight, show me now Your way, that I may know You and that I may find grace in Your sight. And consider that this nation is Your people.”
14 And He said, “My Presence will go with you, and I will give you rest.”
15 Then he said to Him, “If Your Presence does not go with us, do not bring us up from here. 16 For how then will it be known that Your people and I have found grace in Your sight, except You go with us? So, we shall be separate, Your people and I, from all the people who are upon the face of the earth.”
17 So the Lord said to Moses, “I will also do this thing that you have spoken; for you have found grace in My sight, and I know you by name.”
18 And he said, “Please, show me Your glory.”
19 Then He said, “I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before you. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.” 20 But He said, “You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live.” 21 And the Lord said, “Here is a place by Me, and you shall stand on the rock. 22 So it shall be, while My glory passes by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock and will cover you with My hand while I pass by. 23 Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen.”
NOTES EXODUS 33 – (vv. 3, 12-17, 7, 19, 20, 21, 22, & v. 23)
33:3, 12-17: MY ANGEL is the Son of the Father, and He sent Him to lead Israel to the promised land – (GrgNy) … “Angel” means “messenger”, for the Son is the Will and the Word of the Father – (AthanG) … He is the Angel who appeared to Moses in Exodus 3 and said, “I AM THE EXISTING ONE” – (Exodus 3:2, 14) … The Father also sent Him to become incarnate for the salvation of the world – (1John 4:14) …
Exodus 3:2, 14: Exodus 3:2: 2 And the Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So, he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
Exodus 3:14: 14 And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”
1John 4:14: 14 And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son as Savior of the world.
33:7: Moses pitched the tabernacle OUTSIDE THE CAMP, FAR FROM THE CAMP … Everyone who sought the Lord went outside the camp … When the Lord became Incarnate, He suffered on the Cross-outside Jerusalem … Those who wish to find Him must leave the earthly Jerusalem to find Him in the heavenly Jerusalem … (Hebrews 13:12-14; and AmbM) …
Hebrews 13:12-14: 12 Therefore Jesus also, that He might [a]sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered outside the gate. 13 Therefore let us go forth to Him, outside the camp, bearing His reproach. 14 For here we have no continuing city, but we seek the one to come.
33:19: The Lord has mercy and compassion on whom He wills, because He alone knows the secrets of the heart and who is worthy and who is not – (JohnChr) …
33:20: No man can see the essence of the Father – (“MY FACE”), either in this world or in the one to come – (JohnChr; GrgNy) … The Apostle John also said the same thing: “No one has seen God at any time” – (John 1:18) … But the Son is one in essence with the Father, and therefore fully sees and knows the Father’s essence – (AthanG; JohnChr) …
John 1:18: 18 No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten [a]Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.
3:21: A PLACE refers to the Holy Spirit, for He is often called the place of those being sanctified … Moses as well gained some knowledge of God by the Spirit – (BasilG) …
3:22: The Son of the Father is THE ROCK AND THE HAND … The Rock reveals the mystery of the Incarnation – (1Corinthians 10:4; AmbM) … The hand reveals the oneness in essence of the Son with the Father … For as the hand is one in essence with the body, similarly, the Son is one essence with the Father – (AthanG) … Therefore, He reveals the Father and makes Him known to all of mankind …
3:23: MY BACK refers to the Glory of God, for man can see His glory if his heart is pure … For Moses saw His glory to the extent he was capable, as in the case with any man … This glory is also called His energy … Man can know God in His energy, but not in His essence …
PSALM 91 (92) Study Guide & Breakdown
PSALM 91 (92) Concerns THE SABBATH DAY – (v. 1), which speaks of rest … In this psalm, the rest is that of the soul … The Lord offers us this kind of rest – (Matthew 11:28-30) … What then is our part in achieving such rest??? Our part IS TO GIVE THANKS Day and night for GOD’S MERCY AND TRUTH – (vv. 2, 3), and to GREATLY REJOICE in God’s works in both creation and salvation – (vv. 4-6) … God the Father wrought these works by His TWO HANDS – (v. 5), that is, by His Son and His Spirit … But who does not experience such rest of the soul??? People WITHOUT DISCERNMENT – (v. 7), who work LAWLESSNESS – (vv. 9-10) … What are the fruits of a soul at rest??? Divine exaltation and RICH MERCY, especially in OLD AGE – (v. 11); victory over ENEMIES and EVILDOERS – (the devil and his angels, v. 12); and the flourishing, multiplication, blossoming, increasing, and PROPSPERING of virtues of righteousness in one’s life as one grows older – (vv. 13-15) …
28 Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am [a]gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.”
Yeshua' (Jesus') YOKE is submission to the Kingdom of God - A yoke could be seen as a sign of hardship, burdens, and responsibilities - (3Kg 12:1-11; Jeremiah 34:1-11; and Wisdom of Sirach 40:1), but in Christ, the yoke is EASY, for the power of God works in each person … The reward is infinitely greater than any effort man can ever put forth for themselves … Gentile – (v. 29) means “MEEK” …