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Exodus 32 Study/Psalm 90 (91) Study/Don't be Spiritually Arrogant...



EXODUS 32 Study Guide & Breakdown

The Gold Calf

32 Now when the people saw that Moses delayed coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make us [a]gods that shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.”

2 And Aaron said to them, “Break off the golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 3 So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears and brought them to Aaron. 4 And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf.

Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!”

5 So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the Lord.” 6 Then they rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

7 And the Lord said to Moses, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. 8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, ‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!’ ” 9 And the Lord said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and indeed it is a [b]stiff-necked people! 10 Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and I may [c]consume them. And I will make of you a great nation.”

11 Then Moses pleaded with [d]the Lord his God, and said: “Lord, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12 Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, ‘He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath and relent from this harm to Your people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self, and said to them, ‘I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ” 14 So the Lord relented from the harm which He said He would do to His people.

15 And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written. 16 Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets.

17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a noise of war in the camp.”

18 But he said:

It is not the noise of the shout of victory, Nor the noise of the cry of defeat, But the sound of singing I hear.”

19 So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. So, Moses’ anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 20 Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and he scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it. 21 And Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”

22 So Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord become hot. You know the people, that they are set on evil. 23 For they said to me, ‘Make us gods that shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’ 24 And I said to them, ‘Whoever has any gold, let them break it off.’ So, they gave it to me, and I cast it into the fire, and this calf came out.”

25 Now when Moses saw that the people were unrestrained (for Aaron had not restrained them, to their shame among their enemies), 26 then Moses stood in the entrance of the camp, and said, “Whoever is on the Lord’s side—come to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together to him. 27 And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord God of Israel: ‘Let every man put his sword on his side and go in and out from entrance to entrance throughout the camp, and let every man kill his brother, every man his companion, and every man his neighbor.’” 28 So the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses. And about three thousand men of the people fell that day. 29 Then Moses said, [e]“Consecrate yourselves today to the Lord, that He may bestow on you a blessing this day, for every man has opposed his son and his brother.”

30 Now it came to pass on the next day that Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin. So now I will go up to the Lord; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.” 31 Then Moses returned to the Lord and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! 32 Yet now, if You will forgive their sin—but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written.”

33 And the Lord said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book. 34 Now therefore, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. Behold, My Angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I visit for punishment, I will visit punishment upon them for their sin.”

35 So the Lord plagued the people because of what they did with the calf which Aaron made.

NOTES EXODUS 32 – (vv. 1-6, 10 & 32, and v. 34)

32:1-6: These words were written to warn everyone to beware of spiritual arrogance, for anyone can fall into sin if he fails to guard against temptation – (1Corinthians 10:6-12) …

1Corinthians 10:6-12: 6 Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. 7 And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.” 8 Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell; 9 nor let us [a]tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; 10 nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now [b]all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our [c]admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.

12 Therefore let him who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall.

32:10, 32: Moses performed many great wonders and signs, but nothing made him as great as the love he showed in these statements … For he looked to the interest of his neighbors … He distinguished between God’s work and the devil’s work, for he loved them as God’s handiwork while hating their evil behavior … He did not despise them, but only their sin … He chose rather to perish with them than to be saved without them … He would rather perish with them than have the honor of a great nation – (JohnChr) …

32:34: MY ANGEL is the Only-Begotten God and Son of the Father … He is called “ANGEL” – (OR MESSENGER) because He reveals the Father’s will to man – (GrgNy) … For He is the Will of the Father – (AthanG) …

PSALM 90 (91) Study Guide & Breakdown

PSALM 90 (91) Describes the intensity of spiritual warfare the Church wages against the devil and his angels, both in life and in death … These enemies are called HUNTERS – (v. 3), THINGS MOVING IN THE DARKNESS, MISHAPS, DEMONS OF NOONDAY – (v. 6), SINNERS – (v. 8), EVILS, SCOURGES – (v. 10), ASPS, LIONS, AND DRAGONS – (v. 13) … They seek to ensnare us with EVERY TROUBLING WORD – (v. 3) … These words are like ARROWS that try to pierce the soul with unnatural fears – (v. 5), especially the fear of death … Their numbers are many – (A THOUSAND AND TEN THOUSAND, v. 7) …

Success in this warfare is called SALVATION – (v. 16), which comes through God and our hope in Him – (MY GOD AND I WILL HOPE IN HIM, v. 2) … God is called THE MOST HIGH – (vv. 1, 9), THE GOD OF HEAVEN – (v. 1), and THE LORD – (vv. 2, 9) … He also commands His angels to help us – (vv. 11, 12; see also Hebrews 1:14) … His salvation is described as HELP – (v. 1), SHELTER – (vv. 1, 14), protection. REFUGE – (v. 2), freedom – (v. 3), overshadowing – (v. 4), the shield of truth – (v. 4), deliverance – (v. 14), glorification – (v. 15), and satisfaction – (v. 16) …

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