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Exodus 29 Study/Psalm 87 (88) Study



EXODUS 29 Study Guide & Breakdown

Aaron and His Sons Consecrated

29 “And this is what you shall do to them to hallow them for ministering to Me as priests: Take one young bull and two rams without blemish, 2 and unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil (you shall make them of wheat flour). 3 You shall put them in one basket and bring them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams.

4 “And Aaron and his sons you shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and you shall wash them with water. 5 Then you shall take the garments, put the tunic on Aaron, and the robe of the ephod, the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the intricately woven band of the ephod. 6 You shall put the turban on his head and put the holy crown on the turban. 7 And you shall take the anointing oil, pour it on his head, and anoint him. 8 Then you shall bring his sons and put tunics on them. 9 And you shall gird them with sashes, Aaron, and his sons, and put the hats on them. The priesthood shall be theirs for a perpetual statute. So, you shall consecrate Aaron and his sons.

10 “You shall also have the bull brought before the tabernacle of meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands on the head of the bull. 11 Then you shall kill the bull before the Lord, by the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 12 You shall take some of the blood of the bull and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger and pour all the blood beside the base of the altar. 13 And you shall take all the fat that covers the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them and burn them on the altar. 14 But the flesh of the bull, with its skin and its offal, you shall burn with fire outside the camp. It is a sin offering.

15 “You shall also take one ram, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands on the head of the ram; 16 and you shall kill the ram, and you shall take its blood and sprinkle it all around on the altar. 17 Then you shall cut the ram in pieces, wash its entrails and its legs, and put them with its pieces and with its head. 18 And you shall burn the whole ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the Lord.

19 “You shall also take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands on the head of the ram. 20 Then you shall kill the ram and take some of its blood and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron and on the tip of the right ear of his sons, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar. 21 And you shall take some of the blood that is on the altar, and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and on his garments, on his sons and on the garments of his sons with him; and he and his garments shall be hallowed, and his sons and his sons’ garments with him.

22 “Also you shall take the fat of the ram, the fat tail, the fat that covers the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, the two kidneys and the fat on them, the right thigh (for it is a ram of consecration), 23 one loaf of bread, one cake made with oil, and one wafer from the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the Lord; 24 and you shall put all these in the hands of Aaron and in the hands of his sons, and you shall wave them as a wave offering before the Lord. 25 You shall receive them back from their hands and burn them on the altar as a burnt offering, as a sweet aroma before the Lord. It is an offering made by fire to the Lord.

26 “Then you shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron’s consecration and wave it as a wave offering before the Lord; and it shall be your portion. 27 And from the ram of the consecration you shall consecrate the breast of the wave offering, which is waved, and the thigh of the heave offering, which is raised, of that which is for Aaron and of that which is for his sons. 28 It shall be from the children of Israel for Aaron and his sons by a statute forever. For it is a heave offering; it shall be a heave offering from the children of Israel from the sacrifices of their peace offerings, that is, their heave offering to the Lord.

29 “And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons’ after him, to be anointed in them and to be consecrated in them. 30 That son who becomes priest in his place shall put them on for seven days, when he enters the tabernacle of meeting to minister in the [a]holy place.

31 “And you shall take the ram of the consecration and boil its flesh in the holy place. 32 Then Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 33 They shall eat those things with which the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them; but an outsider shall not eat them, because they are holy. 34 And if any of the flesh of the consecration offerings, or of the bread, remains until the morning, then you shall burn the remainder with fire. It shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

35 “Thus you shall do to Aaron and his sons, according to all that I have commanded you. Seven days you shall consecrate them. 36 And you shall offer a bull every day as a sin offering for atonement. You shall cleanse the altar when you make atonement for it, and you shall anoint it to sanctify it. 37 Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar and sanctify it. And the altar shall be most holy. Whatever touches the altar must be holy.

The Daily Offerings

38 “Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs of the first year, day by day continually. 39 One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer [b]at twilight. 40 With the one lamb shall be one-tenth of an ephah of flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of pressed oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering. 41 And the other lamb you shall offer [c]at twilight; and you shall offer with it the grain offering and the drink offering, as in the morning, for a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the Lord. 42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet you to speak with you. 43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by My glory. 44 So I will consecrate the tabernacle of meeting and the altar. I will also consecrate both Aaron and his sons to minister to Me as priests. 45 I will dwell among the children of Israel and will be their God. 46 And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who brought them up out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them. I am the Lord their God.

NOTES EXODUS 29 – (vv. 5, 14)

29:5: Aaron was not born a high priest, but when God willed, he became one … And when God willed, the Word became flesh, and as High Priest He offered Himself to the Father to cleanse us from all sin by His precious Blood – (AthanG) …

29:14: The flesh of the sin offering was burned outside the camp … Similarly, no one placed amid the evil of this world can lay aside sin, nor is his blood acceptable to God, unless he put away the defilement of the body – (AmbM) …

Additional Notes: All roads lead to Christ - Lets take a look at Revelation 1:13 and the work that comes with it and see where it leads us …

Revelation 1:13: 13 and in the midst of the seven lampstands One like the Son of Man, clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band.

ONE LIKE THE SON OF MAN recalls Daniel's messianic figure - (Daniel 7:13 - repeated by Stephens at his martyrdom, Acts 7:56) … Christ called Himself Son of Man - (see also Matthew 24:30), for He is the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy … Additional parallels may be seen in both the New and Old Testaments - (Daniel 10:6; Matthew 17:2; Ephesians 6:17; and Hebrews 4:12) … We also see Him vested in high- priestly garments (- See Exodus 28:4; and Exodus 29:5; Leviticus 16:4; Wisdom of Solomon 18:24; and Zechariah 3:4, 5) … The gold with which He is girded is both royal - (1 Maccabees 10:89) and priestly …

(1): Daniel 7:13: 13 “I was watching in the night visions,

And behold, One like the Son of Man,

Coming with the clouds of heaven!

He came to the Ancient of Days,

And they brought Him near before Him.

- read also v. 14 - here in Daniel 7, so Daniel's vision of the ANCIENT OF DAYS is that of the SECOND COMING OF CHRIST, THE SON OF MAN in Glory …

Acts 7:56: 56 and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”

Matthew 24:30: 30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

- THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN is the Cross, which will be revealed as the standard for Christ's impending judgement … While at His first coming, Christ came in humility and mortality, at His second coming, He will be revealed IN POWER AND GREAT GLORY - (see Est 6:6-9) …

Esther 6:6-9: 6 So Haman came in, and the king asked him, “What shall be done for the man whom the king delights to honor?”

Now Haman thought in his heart, “Whom would the king delight to honor more than me?” 7 And Haman answered the king, “For the man whom the king delights to honor, 8 let a royal robe be brought which the king has worn, and a horse on which the king has ridden, which has a royal [a]crest placed on its head. 9 Then let this robe and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king’s most noble princes, that he may array the man whom the king delights to honor. Then [b]parade him on horseback through the city square, and proclaim before him: ‘Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor!’

- Haman unwittingly defines the honor of his enemy … The honor of being clothed with THE ROYAL ROBE THE KING WEARS makes the recipient, Mordecai, share in the royalty of the king himself, just as Christ fully shares in the divinity of the Father - (see, Isaiah 63:1-5) …

Daniel 10:6: 6 His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like torches of fire, his arms and feet like burnished bronze in color, and the sound of his words like the voice of a multitude.

Matthew 17:2: 2 and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light.

Ephesians 6:17: 17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God;

Hebrews 4:12: 12 For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

-THE WORD OF GOD and the SWORD here are LIVING AND POWEFULL … The phrase HIS SIGHT - (See, v. 13) tells us this reference is not written word, Holy Scripture, but to the Word of God Himself our Lord Jesus Christ - (see John 1:1-18) … Nothing else is able to escape the discernment of Christ, THE WORD OF GOD …

Leviticus 16:4: 4 He shall put the holy linen tunic and the linen trousers on his body; he shall be girded with a linen sash, and with the linen turban he shall be attired. These are holy garments. Therefore he shall wash his body in water, and put them on.

- Aaron was to thoroughly was himself in water - Here was not only a type of baptism in general, but also of baptism of Christ by John the Baptist in the Jordan river … Jesus said to John the Baptist, "Permit it to be so now, for thus is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness" _ (Matthew 3:15) … The true High Priest was preparing to go into the holy of holies for the sins of the whole world … He only is without sin, so it was not for His own sins that he was baptized, but for the uncleanness of the people for whom He would suffer …

Wisdom of Solomon 18:24 - For the whole world was on his long robe, And the glories of the fathers were a carved work arranged in four rows of stones; and Your majesty was on the diadem on his head …

- Aaron's vestments, his LONG ROBE, like the vestments of Orthodox bishops and priests, symbolize Christ in His INTERCESSION FOR THE WORLD …

Zechariah 3:4-5: 4 Then He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Take away the filthy garments from him.” And to him He said, “See, I have removed your iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes.”

5 And I said, “Let them put a clean turban on his head.”

So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the Lord stood by

-Joshua the high priest wears FLITHY GARMENTS of the Jews of his time, while Jesus Christ the Great High Priest wore them in the Incarnation for all the people … Jesus our Lord took the flesh of a servant, wore our filthily rags, bore our sins, and was accused on our behalf before God and by unjustly men …

1 Maccabees 10:89: So he sent him a golden buckle, as was customary to give to the relatives of kings ... He also gave to him Ekron and all its regions as his possession …

Alexander see v. 88 recognized JONATHAN as an equal - a far cry from the Jews' rebel days in the Gophna hills …

PSALM 87 (88) Study Guide & breakdown

PSALM 87 (88) Is a prophecy concerning Christ – (THE END) and His death, burial, and Resurrection – (v. 14) on man’s behalf … The prophecy focuses especially on His burial, for when He was buried, His body was placed in a grave, and His soul descended into Hades – (v. 4) … Both the grave and Hades are described as THE PIT – (v. 5), THE DEAD – (vv. 5, 11), THE GRAVE – (vv. 6, 12), THE LOWEST PIT, THE SHADOW OF DEATH – (v. 7), DARKNESS, A FORGOTTEN LAND – (v. 13), and DESPAIR – (v. 16) … From all this, Christ, in His great love for man, saves all who RESPOND to Him and UNDERSTAND – (v. 1) what He did for them …

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