Exodus 22 Study/Psalm 81 (82) Study/Message Two Great Commandments...



EXODUS 22 Study Guide & Breakdown

Responsibility for Property

22 “If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. 2 If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed. 3 If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his bloodshed. He should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold[a] for his theft. 4 If the theft is certainly found alive in his hand, whether it is an ox or donkey or sheep, he shall restore double.

5 “If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed, and lets loose his animal, and it feeds in another man’s field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.

6 “If fire breaks out and catches in thorns, so that stacked grain, standing grain, or the field is consumed, he who kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 “If a man delivers to his neighbor money or articles to keep, and it is stolen out of the man’s house, if the thief is found, he shall pay double. 8 If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the judges to see whether he has put his hand into his neighbor’s goods.

9 “For any kind of trespass, whether it concerns an ox, a donkey, a sheep, or clothing, or for any kind of lost thing which another claims to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whomever the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor. 10 If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep, and it dies, is hurt, or driven away, no one seeing it, 11 then an oath of the Lord shall be between them both, that he has not put his hand into his neighbor’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept that, and he shall not make it good. 12 But if, in fact, it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to the owner of it. 13 If it is torn to pieces by a beast, then he shall bring it as evidence, and he shall not make good what was torn.

14 “And if a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it becomes injured or dies, the owner of it not being with it, he shall surely make it good. 15 If its owner was with it, he shall not make it good; if it was hired, it came for its hire.

Moral and Ceremonial Principles

16 “If a man entices a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. 17 If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the bride-price of virgins.

18 “You shall not permit a sorceress to live.

19 “Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death.

20 “He who sacrifices to any god, except to the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

21 “You shall neither mistreat a [b]stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

22 “You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. 23 If you afflict them in any way, and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry; 24 and My wrath will become hot, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

25 “If you lend money to any of My people who are poor among you, you shall not be like a moneylender to him; you shall not charge him interest. 26 If you ever take your neighbor’s garment as a pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun goes down. 27 For that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin. What will he sleep in? And it will be that when he cries to Me, I will hear, for I am gracious.

28 “You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

29 “You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe produce and your juices. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me. 30 Likewise you shall do with your oxen and your sheep. It shall be with its mother seven days; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

31 “And you shall be holy men to Me: you shall not eat meat torn by beasts in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.

NOTES Exodus 22 – (v. 20 – HIGHLIGHTED IN BROWN)

22:20: The Children of Israel were to be a holy people in their behavior toward one another … Holiness in personal relationships was to be motivated by one commandment: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself”, and this applied to both fellow Israelites and resident aliens – (Leviticus 19: 18, 34) … All the ordinances given Israel regarding neighbors are summed up in this one commandment – (Romans 13:9) …

Leviticus 19: (v. 18, & 34): Leviticus 19:18: You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.

-The exhortation, YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF, here makes its first appearance in the Bible and its only appearance in the OT … It was a summary of what the Law of Moses required …

-In the time of Yeshua (Jesus), the religious Jews understood this statement to be crucial to understanding the Law … (Luke 10:25-37: 25 And behold, a certain [a]lawyer stood up and tested Him, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”

26 He said to him, “What is written in the law? What is your reading of it?

27 So he answered and said, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,’ and ‘your neighbor as yourself.’”

28 And He said to him, “You have answered rightly; do this and you will live.”

29 But he, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”

30 Then Jesus answered and said: “A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among [b]thieves, who stripped him of his clothing, wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. 31 Now by chance a certain priest came down that road. And when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. 32 Likewise a Levite, when he arrived at the place, came, and looked, and passed by on the other side. 33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was. And when he saw him, he had compassion. 34 So he went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine; and he set him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 35 On the next day, [c]when he departed, he took out two denarii, gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him, ‘Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when I come again, I will repay you.’ 36 So which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the thieves?”

37 And he said, “He who showed mercy on him.”

Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.” – Is showing us this: A lawyer questioned Jesus about the means of acquiring eternal life … Jesus asked him what his reading of the Law was … The lawyer replied, “You shall love the Lord your God with all of your heart, with all of your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,’ and your neighbor as yourself “– (v. 27) … The lawyer further asked, “who is my neighbor???” Jesus answered with the parable of the Good Smartian, giving us an understanding of this passage in Leviticus …

Leviticus 19:34: The resident alien who dwells among you shall be to you as one born among you; for you were resident aliens in the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God …

Romans 13:9: For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” [a]“You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this saying, namely, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (See also Matthew 22:39-40) …

Matthew 22:39-40: And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.

THIS SECOND COMMANDMENT MUST BE UNDERSTOOD AS WRITTEN: YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF, or more clearly, as being yourself, is sometimes often misinterpreted, "You shall love your neighbors as you love yourself, which destroys the force statement: How much we love ourselves is not the standard by which Christ is calling us to love others: We are rather called by Him to love our neighbors as being of the same nature as we ourselves are, as being Created in God's image and likeness just as we are- we find our true selves when loving others and serving others with humility and mercy!!!

PSALM 81 (82)

PSALM 81 (82) Reveals Christ God as present and judging during His Church (v. 1) … This prophecy calls Church members GODS, which is the same thing as calling them SONS OF THE MIST HIGH – (vv. 1, 6) … For they were made gods and the sons of God by the new birth in baptism … However, these gods were warned by their God to take care of the poor and the needy – (vv. 2-7) … For Christ rose from the dead – (v. 8), and “He shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead “– (Nicene Creed) …

-The Two Great Commandments

(1): Love the Lord your God with all your soul, heart, and mind!!!

(2): You shall your neighbor as yourself!!!

-We must serve like Jesus came and served us, we must love one another with all our hearts, and love the Lord our God with all we have and hold on tight with that love!!!

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