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Exodus 16 Study/Psalm 75 (76) Study/Message Jesus is the Bread of Life-Closing (Philippians 2:12-13)




Bread from Heaven – Manna and Quail Exodus 16:1-36

16 And they journeyed from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed from the land of Egypt. 2 Then the whole congregation of the children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. 3 And the children of Israel said to them, “Oh, that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to the full! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather [a]a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not. 5 And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.”

6 Then Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, “At evening you shall know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt. 7 And in the morning, you shall see the glory of the Lord; for He hears your complaints against the Lord. But what are we, that you complain against us?” 8 Also Moses said, “This shall be seen when the Lord gives you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to the full; for the Lord hears your complaints which you make against Him. And what are we? Your complaints are not against us but against the Lord.”

9 Then Moses spoke to Aaron, “Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, ‘Come near before the Lord, for He has heard your complaints.’” 10 Now it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.

11 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 12 “I have heard the complaints of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning, you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’”

13 So it was that quail came up at evening and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp. 14 And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness, was a small round substance, as fine as frost on the ground. 15 So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was.

And Moses said to them, “This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat. 16 This is the thing which the Lord has commanded: ‘Let every man gather it according to each one’s need, one omer for each person, according to the number of persons; let every man take for those who are in his tent.’”

17 Then the children of Israel did so and gathered, some more, some less. 18 So when they measured it by omers, he who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack. Every man had gathered according to each one’s need. 19 And Moses said, “Let no one leave any of it till morning.” 20 Notwithstanding they did not [b]heed Moses. But some of them left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them. 21 So they gathered it every morning, every man according to his need. And when the sun became hot, it melted.

22 And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23 Then he said to them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.’” 24 So they laid it up till morning, as Moses commanded; and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. 25 Then Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will be none.”

27 Now it happened that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none. 28 And the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws? 29 See! For the Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore, He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

31 And the house of Israel called its name [c]Manna. And it was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

32 Then Moses said, “This is the thing which the Lord has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it, to be kept for your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’ ” 33 And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and lay it up before the Lord, to be kept for your generations.” 34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an omer is one-tenth of an ephah.

NOTES Exodus 16 (vv. 2, 8, 3, 4, 13-14, 18, 20, 29, & 33) …

16: (vv. 2, 8): The entire congregation complained against the godly leadership, but they were complaining against God … This sin arose from the sins of greed and unbelief … These sins led them into rebellion against the Lord and His appointed leadership, and their complaining ultimately caused their destruction in the desert – (Hebrews 3:7-11) … Similarly, the Church suffers when its members complain – (1Corinthians 10:10) …

Hebrews 3:7-11: 7 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says:

“Today, if you will hear His voice, 8 Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness, 9 Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, And saw My works forty years. 10 Therefore I was angry with that generation, And said, ‘They always go astray in their heart, And they have not known My ways.’ 11 So I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest.’ ”

-This reference is to the rebellion of those who left Egypt during the Exodus … Due to their unbelief, the whole GENERATION – (v. 10) was forbidden to enter Canaan, the promised land, and so could not enter God’s REST – (v. 11) … Rest – (Greek “sabbatismos”) literally means Sabbath rest or Sabbath observance … There are also three types of God’s rest known to the Jews (1): The Sabbath rest, the day on which God rested from His Works – (Genesis 2:2-3) … (2): The rest from Egyptian bondage, which the Israelites coming out of Egypt experienced in Canaan; (3): The rest in the Kingdom, the ultimate Sabbath rest in heaven established by the Messiah … Hebrews uses this OT quote (Psalm 94:7-11) concerning Canaan to refer to the rest in the Kingdom of Heaven … Significantly, we experience this rest now as we ascend to God in worship (Hebrews 4:4-11) …

1Corinthians 10:10: nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer.

16:3: The Egyptians were gluttons (Greedy- full of greed) – (POTS OF MEAT), and the Hebrews followed their example – (JohnChr) … They refused to renounce this sin – (JohnCas) … The New Testament also warns against the sin of gluttony – (Philippians 3:19) …

Philippians 3:19: whose end is destruction, whose god is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame—who set their mind on earthly things.

16:4: The Lord RAINED BREAD OUT OF HEAVEN for them … It was a type of Christ, “the bread of life” – (John 6:48-51) … In the Church, He gives Himself and His life to the Church in the Eucharist – (John 6:53-58) …

John 6:48-58: I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness and are dead. 50 This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that one may eat of it and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.”

52 The Jews therefore quarreled among themselves, saying, “How can this Man give us His flesh to eat?”

53 Then Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. 55 For My flesh is [a]food indeed, and My blood is [b]drink indeed. 56 He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him. 57 As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on Me will live because of Me. 58 This is the bread which came down from heaven—not as your fathers ate the manna and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever.”

16:13-14: Israel saw the quail and the manna with their physical eyes, but these things were limited to this present life … The future life in the world to come is seen by many who walk in the Spirit – (1Corinthians 2:9-10; AmbM) …

1Corinthians 2:9-10: But as it is written:

“Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, Nor have entered into the heart of man The things which God has prepared for those who love Him.”

10 But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.

- Wisdom is sought and found through the Works of the Holy Spirit …

16:18: Each one gathered what he needed … This shows the need for moderation in relation to the body – (GrgNy) …

16:20: Some of them left the manna over until the next morning because they were covetous … The leftovers bred worms and stank … Covetousness is a foul-smelling sin – (JohnChr) …

16:29: Every man was to remain in his house on the Sabbath … yet Jewish leaders left their houses, contrary to the Law of Moses, to plot against Jesus – (Matthew 27:62-66; JohnChr) … They broke the Law to plot against the Lawgiver …

Matthew 27:62-66: On the next day, which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together to Pilate, 63 saying, “Sir, we remember, while He was still alive, how that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise.’ 64 Therefore command that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His disciples come [a]by night and steal Him away, and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead.’ So, the last deception will be worse than the first.”

65 Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go your way, make it as secure as you know how.” 66 So they went and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone and setting the guard.

16:33: Manna was a type of Christ as the Bread of Life, and the GOLDEN POT a type of the Mother of God … For Christ became the Bread of Life in her womb for the salvation of the entire world – the entire planet …


PSALM 75 (76): Is a prophecy contrasting two opposing Kingdoms: THE ASSYRIANS – (v. 1) is the devil, who leads his kingdom: The fallen angels – (v. 4; see also Colossians 2:15) and fallen people – (vv. 6-9, 13) … THE END is God Incarnate – (vv. 2, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13), who leads His Kingdom: the holy angels – (vv. 5, 9) and holy people – (vv. 3, 10, 11, 12) … The outcome in this battle is obvious: WHO SHALL STAND AGAINST YOU??? – (v. 8) …



Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; 13 for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.

It was by the sacrifice of Christ giving Himself voluntarily on the Cross, is how we take hold of what God offers … We must accept His grace and work hard toward becoming mature in the ways of Christ: It is us who works out our own salvation – (v. 12) while it is God who works in us to do His will – (v. 13) …

Blessed are You Lord our God who brings forth the fruit of the vines … He is the true Vine, and we are the branches, and He is the bread life, please give us our daily bread our Father for You are the One who Sanctifies all of creation, the Blesser and Giver of Life … Amen!!!

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