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Exodus 14 Study/Psalm 73 (74) Study/Message will come from (Philippians 1:6) ... Reading from Rev 6

ALL ROADS LEAD TO CHRIST

CHRIST IS IN OUR MIDST

Exodus 14 Study Guide & Breakdown …


The Red Sea Crossing


14 Now the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea. 3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, ‘They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.’ 4 Then I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, so that he will pursue them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am the Lord.” And they did so.

5 Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, “Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?” 6 So he [a]made ready his chariot and took his people with him. 7 Also, he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them. 8 And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and the children of Israel went out with boldness. 9 So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.

10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So, they were very afraid, and the children of Israel cried out to the Lord. 11 Then they said to Moses, “Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt? 12 Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, ‘Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness.”

13 And Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation[b] of the Lord, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever. 14 The Lord will fight for you, and you shall hold[c] your peace.”

15 And the Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward. 16 But lift up your rod and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 17 And I indeed will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So, I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen. 18 Then the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

19 And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved, and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. 20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus, it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided. 22 So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24 Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that the Lord looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He [d]troubled the army of the Egyptians. 25 And He [e]took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the Lord fights for them against the Egyptians.”

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.” 27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the Lord overthrew[f] the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 28 Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained. 29 But the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.30 So the Lord saved[g] Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Thus Israel saw the great [h]work which the Lord had done in Egypt; so the people feared the Lord, and believed the Lord and His servant Moses.


Notes Exodus 14 (vv. 4, 8, 17, 15, 19, 24, 21, 22, 27 & 28)


14:4, 8, 17: See my Notes on Exodus 4:21 posted to my page …


14:15: Moses cried out to the Lord with inward tears in the silence of his heart, and the Lord answered him – (GrgTheo; JohnChr; and GrgNy) …


14:19, 24: THE ANGEL OF GOD the Father is the Lord, who looked down through the pillar of fire and the cloud … He is the Only-Begotten God, because He is begotten from the Unbegotten Father before all time and ages – (GrgNy) … Thus, the Son of God troubled the army of the Egyptians …


14:21: Moses accomplished what he did through prayer and as a servant of Christ, but Christ Himself walked on the Sea of Galilee by His own absolute power – (Matthew 14:25) … (Job 9:8) – Prophesied of Christ, “who walks on the sea as on firm ground “– (JohnChr) …


Matthew 14:25: Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking on the sea …


Job 9:8: He who alone stretches out heaven; He who walks on the sea as on firm ground.


- St. Gregory the Great sees in HEAVEN a type of the preaching of the apostles and evangelists … St. Cyril notes that this is the same Lord Who, as Man, walked ON THE SEA AS ON FIRM GROUND – (See also John 6:19) … John 6:19: So, when they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and drawing near the boat; and they were afraid …

14:22: Based on their own nature, the waters of the sea could not form walls on either side of Israel as they walked through … But through the prophetic office of Moses, the sea’s nature was changed … This shows that the power of blessings is greater than that of nature, for Israel was blessed with deliverance … So, in similarly the power of blessing is greater than nature when the bread and wine of the Eucharist become in a mystery the Body and Blood of Christ … (BasilG; GrgNy) …


14:27-28: Pharaoh and his servants are types of the devil and his angels, whom the Lord destroyed on the Cross and in the waters of baptism … (BasilG; GrgNy) …


PSALM 73 (74) Study Guide & Breakdown


PSALM 73 (74): Is a prophecy for UNDERSTANDING – (v. 1) … An understanding of what??? That all human history is incarnational in nature … Therefore, human history may be called “the history of the Incarnation of the Word …” For this history, FROM THE BEGINNING – (v. 2) TO THE END – (vv. 1, 3, 10, 11, 19), speaks of the Word of God Incarnate and His Lordship throughout history … And this Incarnate GOD IS OUR KING BEFORE THE AGES – (v. 12) and the Creator of the world – (YOU CREATED, v. 16) … HE WORKED SALVATION IN THE MIDST OF THE EARTH – (v. 12) through the Cross, and CRUSHED THE HEADS OF DRAGONS – (vv. 13, 14) at His Baptism … He also arose from the dead – (ARISE, O GOD, v. 22) …


CLOSING …


PHILIPPIANS 1:6


being confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ;


God is spirit and it’s the Holy Spirit that leads us and guides us, He is our protection, our guidance to divine Wisdom … It was The Lord’s Mighty Spirit that led Moses and the people of Israel that day, and was His Mighty Spirit that crushed the Egyptians and parted the Sea … Moses’ faith is what he needed along with his people, they needed to believe and trust, which gave birth to their newfound hope … All roads lead to Christ and without Him you could end up DEAD AND THE WATER, don’t be the Egyptian Army mislead and full of arrogance …


Give Christ your heart today and He will do the rest …

PEACE BE WITH YOU ALL …


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