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Book of Daniel Study Chapter 8-12 Notes and works...

Daniel Chapter 8: The Ram and the Goat: Gabriel Reveals the Vision:

http://bib.ly/Da8.NKJV :

8:1-27: Daniel’s vision occurred about 551 BC...The ram (v. 3) represents Darius and the rule of the Medes and Persians (v. 20), which ended with the death of Belshazzar in 538...The male goat (v. 5) represents the conquest of the Greeks (v. 21) up until the time of the Romans, about 64 BC…


8:5-14: When Alexander’s rule was broken (v. 8) when he was only 33, his four generals divided up his empire among themselves: Ptolemy I in Egypt, Seleucus I in Asia; Lysimachus in Asia Minor; and Cassander in Macedonia...The strong horn (v.9 ) is seen to represent Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who took the Seleucid kingdom in 175 BC...He put an end to temple sacrifice and set up a statue of Jupiter in the holy temple in Jerusalem


Broken : שָׁבַר shâbar, shaw-bar'; a primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively):—break (down, off, in pieces, up), broken (-hearted), bring to the birth, crush, destroy, hurt, quench, × quite, tear, view (by mistake for H7663).


Four : אַרְבַּע ʼarbaʻ, ar-bah'; masculine אַרְבָּעָה ʼarbâʻâh; from H7251; four:—four.


Strong horn : עָצַם ʻâtsam, aw-tsam'; a primitive root; also denominatively (from H6106) to bind fast, i.e. close (the eyes); intransitively, to be (causatively, make) powerful or numerous; to crunch the bones:—break the bones, close, be great, be increased, be (wax) mighty(-ier), be more, shut, be(-come, make) strong(-er). קֶרֶן qeren, keh'-ren; from H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication, a flask, cornet; by resemblance. an elephant's tooth (i.e. ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively, power:—× hill, horn.


8:10-26: The temple was cleansed (v. 14) under Judas Maccabeus after he had led the Jews to victory over the Syrians…St. Jerome says most church commentators see partial fulfillment of these events in the persecution of Antiochus, but that the passage also points to the antichrist, the king who shall arise (v. 23 )...The antichrist is himself a type of all those who raise themselves up against Christ...Thus, his downfall at Christ’s Second Coming symbolizes the final destruction of all evil and the realization of Christ’s eternal kingdom ( see 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12 and notes)...


2 Thessalonians 2:3-12: http://bib.ly/2Th2.3-12.NKJV : Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of [a]sin is revealed, the son of perdition, 4 who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits [b]as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God. Do you not remember that when I was still with you I told you these things? 6 And now you know what is restraining, that he may be revealed in his own time. 7 For the [c]mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only [d]He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way. 8 And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming. 9 The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, 10 and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 11 And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie, 12 that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.


2:3-12: While we are warned against predicting the Day of the Lord (Mt 24:36; Acts 1:7; 1Th 5:1), there will be signs preceding His Coming...Paul instructs the Thessalonians concerning two such signs: (1) a general falling away (v. 3; apostasy) from Christ and the Church and (2) the revealing of the man of sin, the son of perdition (v. 3), who is the Antichrist when he comes...The man of sin is a counterfeit messiah with a counterfeit kingdom...He (1) exalts himself above God (v. 4), (2) performs deceptive miracles and wonders through satanic power (v. 9), (3) will fool the unrighteous into following him (vv.10-12), and (4) will be removed from power by Christ Himself at His Second Coming (v. 8)...Paul instructs that when the world gets worse, Christians must not be distressed or deceived (vv.11, 12), but rather as good stewards (vv.13-17)... http://bib.ly/Mt24.36.NKJV http://bib.ly/Ac1.7.NKJV http://bib.ly/1Th5.1.NKJV


Falling away: ἀποστασία apostasía, ap-os-tas-ee'-ah; feminine of the same as G647; defection from truth (properly, the state) ("apostasy"):—falling away, forsake.

Man of sin: ἄνθρωπος ánthrōpos, anth'-ro-pos; from G435 and ὤψ ṓps (the countenance; from G3700); man-faced, i.e. a human being:—certain, man.

Son of perdition: υἱός huiŏs, hwee-os'; apparently a primary word; a "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship:—child, foal, son. ἀπώλεια apṓleia, ap-o'-li-a; from a presumed derivative of G622; ruin or loss (physical, spiritual or eternal):—damnable(-nation), destruction, die, perdition, X perish, pernicious ways, waste.


Daniel 8:26: Notes: Seal of vision: “The things, therefore of old were sealed, are now by the grace of God the Lord all open to the saints, for He was Himself the perfect Seal, and the Church is the key...But to Christ it was not said seal, but loose the things bound of old; in order that, by his grace, we might know will of the Father, and believe upon Him whom He has sent for the salvation of men, Jesus our Lord” (Hippol)...


Seal of vision: חָתַם châtham, khaw-tham'; a primitive root; to close up; especially to seal:—make an end, mark, seal (up), stop. חָזוֹן châzôwn, khaw-zone'; from H2372; a sight (mentally), i.e. a dream, revelation, or oracle:—vision.


Daniel Chapter 9: Daniel Prays for the People: Gabriel and the Seventy Weeks:

http://bib.ly/Da9.NKJV :

9:3-5: We sinned: In the spirit of true intercessory prayer, Daniel takes on himself the sins of the people and repents before the Lord, begging His mercy for their sakes…


9:8-11: This is as clear in defining sin as any passage in the Scriptures...St. Paul offers a summary of Daniel's words: “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23)...

Romans 3:23: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,


9:24-27: The Epistle Barnabas (Ch. 16):https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0124.htm : observes that this passage was fulfilled when the temple (the sanctuary, v. 26) was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70...But Barnabas also points out that a true temple remains, the Body of Christ, a spiritual temple in which God truly dwells...Seventy weeks is interpreted to mean seventy weeks of years, or 490 years (seventy times seven years)...This prophecy applies also to Jeremiah’s “seventy years” (see Daniel 9:2; Jeremiah 25:11-12 and Jeremiah 29:10)... Also read Revelation 2...


Jeremiah 25:11-12: And this whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. ‘Then it will come to pass, when [a]seventy years are completed, that I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity,’ says the Lord; ‘and I will make it a perpetual desolation.


Jeremiah 29:10: For thus says the Lord: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to return to this place.


The sanctuary: קֹדֶשׁ qôdesh, ko'-desh; from H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstract, sanctity:—consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (× most) holy (× day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

Seventy weeks: שִׁבְעִים shibʻîym, shib-eem'; multiple of H7651; seventy:—seventy, threescore and ten (+ -teen).


Lord: יְהֹוָה Yᵉhôvâh, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:—Jehovah, the Lord. Compare H3050, H3069.

Perpetual desolation: עוֹלָם ʻôwlâm, o-lawm'; or עֹלָם ʻôlâm; from H5956; properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:—alway(-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, (n-)) ever(-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703 : desolation: חׇרְבָּה chorbâh, khor-baw'; feminine of H2721; properly, drought, i.e. (by implication) a desolation:—decayed place, desolate (place, -tion), destruction, (laid) waste (place).


According to Hippolytus, Daniel’s vision concerned the time when the temple would be rebuilt, as well as the time of the coming of the Messiah...First, the Jews would return and resume sacrifice after seventy weeks of captivity…”Having mentioned therefore seventy weeks, and having divided them into two parts, in order that what was spoken by him to the prophet might be better understood, he proceeds thus, until Messiah the Prince there shall be seven weeks, which make forty-nine years...It was in the twenty-first year (of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign) that Daniel saw these things in Babylon...Hence, the forty-nine years added to the twenty-one, make up the seventy years, of which the blessed Jeremiah spoke, (Jeremiah 25:11)...Second, Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah would be crucified in 30 AD, about 490 years (seventy weeks)after Artaxerxes commissioned Ezra to rebuild the Temple in 458 BC (2Ez 7:7-8)...


The Messiah: מָשִׁיחַ mâshîyach, maw-shee'-akh; from H4886; anointed; usually a consecrated person (as a king, priest, or saint); specifically, the Messiah:—anointed, Messiah.

2 Ezra 7:7-8: Some of the children of Israel, the priests, the Levites, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the Nethinim came up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of King Artaxerxes...They came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was the seventh year of the king…

Levites: לֵוִיִּי Lêvîyîy, lay-vee-ee'; or לֵוִי Lêvîy; patronymically from H3878; a Levite or descendant of Levi:—Leviite.


The gatekeepers: שַׁעַר shaʻar, shah'-ar; from H8176 in its original sense; an opening, i.e. door or gate:—city, door, gate, port (× -er). שָׁמַר shâmar, shaw-mar'; a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:—beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).


Nethinim: נָתִין Nâthîyn, naw-theen'; or נָתוּן Nâthûwn (Ezra 8:17), (the proper form as passive participle), from H5414; one given, i.e. (in the plural only) the Nethinim, or Temple-servants (as given to that duty):—Nethinims.


9:27: Hippolytus comments that after “Christ has come, and the Gospel is preached in every place, the times being then accomplished, there will remain only one week, the last, in which Elias will appear, and Enoch...And in the midst of it the abomination of desolations will be manifested, that is, Antichrist, announcing desolation to the world...And then he comes, the sacrifice and oblation will be removed, which is now are offered to YHWH in every place by the nations” (see Matthew 24:15)...


Elias: Ἡλίας Hēlías, hay-lee'-as; of Hebrew origin (H452); Helias (i.e. Elijah), an Israelite:—Elias.

Enoch: חֲנוֹךְ Chănôwk, khan-oke'; from H2596; initiated; Chanok, an antediluvian patriach:—Enoch.

Antichrist: ἀντίχριστος antíchristos, an-tee'-khris-tos; from G473 and G5547; an opponent of the Messiah:—antichrist.


Sacrifice: זֶבַח zebach, zeh'-bakh; from H2076; properly, a slaughter, i.e. the flesh of an animal; by implication, a sacrifice (the victim or the act):—offer(-ing), sacrifice.


Oblation: מִנְחָה minchâh, min-khaw'; from an unused root meaning to apportion, i.e. bestow; a donation; euphemistically, tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary):—gift, oblation, (meat) offering, present, sacrifice


Matthew 24:15: “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand),

24:15: Daniel’s prophecy of the abomination of desolation (Daniel 9:23) was fulfilled in AD 70, when the Roman general Titus entered the Most Holy Place and had a statue of himself erected in the temple before having the temple destroyed...The Lord’s phrase when you see indicates that many of the disciples would still be alive at that time...The words whoever reads, let him understand are commonly understood to be inserted by Matthew into Christ’s address as an encouragement to his early Christian flock, who may have witnessed this event…


Daniel Chapter 10: The Man of Splendor & Prophecies of Persia and Greece:

http://bib.ly/Da10.NKJV :

10:1: The third year of Cyrus was 533 BC…


10:2-3: Daniel’s season of fasting and mourning is echoed by the faithful during the time of Great Lent, a season of “bright sadness”...


10:5: St. Hippolytus writes that the Father “sent His own Word to show what should happen by Him...And that took place, indeed, by the great river...For it was met that Son should be manifested there, where also He was to remove sins…” Other commentators see this figure as the Archangel Gabriel (Daniel 9:21)...


10:6: see Revelation 1:13: and in the midst of the seven lampstands One like the Son of Man, clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band.


One: ἕκαστος hékastos, hek'-as-tos; as if a superlative of ἕκας hékas (afar); each or every:—any, both, each (one), every (man, one, woman), particularly.

10:12: “Behold how much the piety of a righteous man avails, that to him alone, as to one worthy, things not yet to be manifested in the world should be revealed” (Hippol)...


10:16: As with Isaiah’s vision (Isaiah 6:7), the phrase touched my lips has eucharistic overtones…

Isaiah 6:7: And he touched my mouth with it, and said:

“Behold, this has touched your lips;

Your iniquity is taken away,

And your sin [a]purged.”

Daniel Chapter 11: Warning Kings of the North and South, The Northern King’s Deceit, and The Northern King’s Victories:

http://bib.ly/Da11.NKJV :

11:3-4: After his death in 320 BC, the kingdom of Alexander the Great was divided among his four generals

11:5: Ptolemy I Soter was the king of the south, or Egypt...One of his rulers may offer to Ptolemy’s son, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, or else Seleucus Nicator, another of Alexander’s generals, who allied with Ptolemy I Soter and later gained power over him…

11:6: This verse prophesies Bernice, daughter of Ptolemy II Philadelphus...She could not retain her power when her father died, and was assassinated along with those who strengthened her... It was under Ptolemy II Philadelphus, king of Egypt from 287-247 BC, that the Septuagint translation of the OT had begun...

11:7-9: Her root refers to Bernice’s brother, Ptolemy III Evergetes...He avenged her by killing her assassin, Seleucus Callinicus, king of the north, after which he carried their Syrian gods back to Egypt…

Gods : אֱלֹהִים ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.

11:10: The sons of Seleucus Callinicus of the north were Seleucus Ceraunus and Antiochus III...They did indeed assemble...great forces, but it was Antiochus who passed through and invaded the south

11:11-14: Enraged, Ptolemy IV Philopator did fight with the king of the north in about 218 BC, but he did not gain supremacy...Antiochus III of Syria in the north, having mustered a greater army, did defeat the forces of his infant son, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, in 204 BC, with the help of trouble makers among the Jews

11:16: Antiochus III took Judea in battle with Scopus of the south...This included a siege of Scopus garrison at Jerusalem...Thus, Antiochus III of Syria did indeed stand in the Land of Beauty…

11:17: In an effort to ally himself with Egypt, Antiochus III married off his child daughter, Cleopatra, to seven year old Ptolemy V Epiphanes, but in the end, they did not remain with him…

11:18-19: Having assailed the coasts and islands of Asia Minor, and having later met with several defeats, Antiochus III could not be found...He disappeared and was not heard from again

11:20: Antiochus’s root most likely refers to one of his sons, Seleucus Philopator...He confiscated treasures from the temple in Jerusalem, but performed no great deeds and died without fighting a single battle…

11:21-24: These verses prophecy Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164 BC), another son of Antiochus III...The Fathers see him a type of antichrist who will rise at the end of the age...Antiochus overcame Ptolemies by feigning clemency, that is, by intrigue...He reigned in Syria for eleven years after Seleucus, and he seized Judea as well...He defiled the temple in Jerusalem, thus provoking war with the Maccabees, who fought for Jewish self-rule...The ruler of the covenant (v. 22) prophecies Judas Maccabeus...Antiochus was able to take over Egypt as well as Syria with only a small force of men, enabling him to do what neither his fathers or forefathers have done (v. 24)...

11:30-35: The Romans came against Antiochus and made him leave Egypt in 168 BC...Enraged, he began his persecution of the Jews and his destruction of the temple...Help (v.34) came from the Maccabean revolt, led by Mattathias and Judas Maccabeus...Many early Christians also saw the destruction of the emperor Nero, as fulfillment of these verses...Indeed, Daniel’s prophecies have been fulfilled many times over the course of history, as YAHWEH's people have endured persecution and testing at the hands of those who blaspheme YHWH in their pride

11:31-12:13: This passage concerns the future time of the antichrist, the Great Tribulation, and the end of the world…

Great Tribulation: μέγας mégas, meg'-as; (including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη megálē, plural μεγάλοι megáloi, etc.; compare also G3176, G3187); big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application):—(+ fear) exceedingly, great(-est), high, large, loud, mighty, + (be) sore (afraid), strong, × to years : Tribulation: θλῖψις thlîpsis, thlip'-sis; from G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively):—afflicted(-tion), anguish, burdened, persecution, tribulation, trouble.

Abomination of desolation: שִׁקּוּץ shiqqûwts, shik-koots'; or שִׁקֻּץ shiqquts; from H8262; disgusting, i.e. filthy; especially idolatrous or (concretely) an idol:—abominable filth (idol, -ation), detestable (thing). Desolation: שָׁמֵם shâmêm, shaw-mame'; a primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense):—make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

Daniel Chapter 12: The Prophecy of Michael:

http://bib.ly/Da12.NKJV :

12:1-3: At Christ’s Second Coming, the antichrist will be crushed, the tribulation will end, and all the dead will awake (v.2)...Resurrection to everlasting life is the destiny of those who have endured to the end...Resurrection to everlasting shame is the destiny of those who, in the end, are found outside of Christ…

Awake: קוּץ qûwts, koots; a primitive root (identical with through the idea of abruptness in starting up from sleep (compare H3364)); to awake (literally or figuratively):—arise, (be) (a-) wake, watch.

Everlasting Life: עוֹלָם ʻôwlâm, o-lawm'; or עֹלָם ʻôlâm; from H5956; properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:—alway(-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, (n-)) ever(-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703. Life: חַי chay, khah'-ee; from H2421; alive; hence, raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively:— age, alive, appetite, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life(-time), live(-ly), living (creature, thing), maintenance, merry, multitude, (be) old, quick, raw, running, springing, troop.

Everlasting shame: עוֹלָם ʻôwlâm, o-lawm'; or עֹלָם ʻôlâm; from H5956; properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:—alway(-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, (n-)) ever(-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703. Shame: חֶרְפָּה cherpâh, kher-paw'; from H2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda:—rebuke, reproach(-fully), shame.

12:7: “But he who reads this passage, even half asleep, cannot fail to see that the kingdom of Antichrist shall fiercely, though for a short time, assail the Church before the Last Judgement of YHWH shall introduce that eternal reign of the saints...For it is patent from the context that the time, times, and half a time, means a year, and two years, and a half year, that is to say, three years and a half” (Aug), see Daniel 7:25 and notes, check Revelation 12:7-16 and Notes found in my Chapter 7 notes of Daniel…

12:11: Hippolytus writes that this prophecy concerns the three and a half years…”the one thousand two hundred and three score days (the half of the week) during which the tyrant is to reign and persecute the Church…”

Note: See also Revelation 10:1-11:13: http://bib.ly/Re10.1-11.13.NKJV :

1-42: Bel and the Serpent: Bel is Deposed, The Serpent is Destroyed and Daniel is Vindicated:

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Bel%20and%20the%20Dragon&version=CEB;NKJV

1-42: These verses compromise the final section of Daniel concerning Bel and the Serpent…”He unquestionably made it clear, that He who spoke to Moses out of the brush, and declared Himself to be God of the fathers, He is the God of the living...For who is the God of the living unless he who is God, and above whom there is no other God?” (Iren)...

Serpent: נָחָשׁ nâchâsh, naw-khawsh'; from H5172; a snake (from its hiss):—serpent.

1: Cyrus began his reign in Persia in 538 BC…

3: Historians describe Bel as a chief among the Babylonian gods…